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Annual national accounts

The national accounts are central to the economic policy-making. GDP is one of the key indicators, and it expresses the value of the country's total production and thus what is available to use for private consumption, public consumption, investment and net exports.
The development in GDP describes the economic growth, i.e. whether we become richer or poorer. The national accounts have many other important indicators, such as household savings. National accounts are compiled according to international guidelines (ESA2010) making it comparable between countries.

The aim of the national accounts is to provide an overall picture of the economy. The National Accounts system is a logical and coherent set of definitions and classifications, without which it would not be possible to obtain an overview of the immense number of financial transactions that take place in the economy during a period.
The National accounts describe the economic cycle. The setting is a consistent and balanced system of economic transactions and definitions that show how productive activity (when we go to work) creates income, which is then allocated (e.g. as wages) and redistributed (e.g. as taxes) before it provides a basis for the demand for goods and services for personal consumption and savings. The system also shows how savings are placed (e.g. as a bank deposit).
The National accounts are calculated at constant prices (chained values) and at current prices. National accounts in constant prices (chained values) have been adjusted for price developments. Accordingly, the development in real GDP (chained values) expresses the real economic growth.
In order to describe the economic cycle, the economic transactions and economic stakeholders are divided into different types and detailed classifications that are coherent and consistent with each other and over time. The annual national accounts have the most detailed accounting and consistent time series dating back to 1966.
Key figures

Related content in Annual national accounts


Production abroad has an effect on Danish GDP

7. juni 2019

Production abroad has an effect on Danish GDP

Globalisation has created new business models. Although you can still find traditional manufacturing enterprises with factory production, development, sales and administration gathered within the Danish borders, it has become more common to spread across several countries. An increasing share of the Danish manufacturing enterprises produce their goods or some of their goods without factories in Denmark. In this way, the industrial processing does not take place in Denmark but in a factory abroa

10 år efter krisen ramte: Hvordan har dansk økonomi klaret sig sammenlignet med de to seneste tilbageslag?

6. september 2018

10 år efter krisen ramte: Hvordan har dansk økonomi klaret sig sammenlignet med de to seneste tilbageslag?

Det er 10 år siden, at den internationale finanskrise kom til Danmark i efteråret 2008. Den økonomiske krise ramte hårdt, og lavkonjunkturen i kølvandet på krisen har været lang. Denne analyse giver et overblik over udviklingen i en række centrale nøgletal under og efter finanskrisen. Udviklingen sammenlignes med de to forrige nedgangsperioder i dansk økonomi, nemlig krisen efter kartoffelkuren i 1980'erne og lavkonjunkturen i starten af 2000'erne.

Dansk BNP påvirkes af produktion i udlandet

13. august 2018

Dansk BNP påvirkes af produktion i udlandet

Globaliseringen har skabt nye forretningsmodeller. Selvom man stadig finder traditionelle industrivirksomheder med fabriksfremstilling, udvikling, salg og administration samlet inden for landets grænser, er det blevet mere almindeligt at sprede sig over flere lande. En voksende andel af de danske industrivirksomheder producerer deres varer eller nogle af deres varer uden at have fabrik i Danmark. Den fabriksmæssige forarbejdning finder dermed ikke sted i Danmark, men på en udenlandsk fabrik.

Hvad er værdien af skatterestancerne?

1. december 2017

Hvad er værdien af skatterestancerne?

De samlede skatterestancer steg markant fra 2013 til 2016 og udgjorde i 2016 knap 66 mia. kr. Restancernes reelle værdi er dog over flere omgange nedjusteret betydeligt.

Revision of National Accounts

National accounts, government finance statistics and the balance of payments will be revised in September.

Grafik: Revision 2014 - Danmarks Statistik

See information on the transition to the accounting system ESA 2010.

revision of national accounts


Bo Siemsen