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National Accounts, Economic Statistics
Leif Hoffmann
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Emission Accounts

The air emission accounts are annually accounts on the emission of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants. The air emission accounts follow the same definitions and classification as National Accounts, which allows for analyses of the connection between the economy and air pollution. The accounts are published in a Danish press release and in StatBank under the subject Energy and air emissions.

The climate footprint is experimental statistics on greenhouse gas emissions calculated in tonnes. The inventory is divided into industries, consumption groups and countries. The climate footprint is disseminated in a Statistics Denmark Analysis and in StatBank Denmark.

Data description

Air emission accounts: The air emission accounts show emissions of green house gases as well as other polluting substances caused by the industries' or households' use of energy. In addition to that, the air emission accounts also accounts for emissions originating from activities not related to the use of energy, e.g. processes.

Emission accounts for the greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O are published 9 months after the reference year on the 21 industry aggregation level. The final year is compiled using the most recent data from the energy accounts, coefficients from the previous year and emissions from processes and agriculture are estimated using relevant indicators. In particular for agriculture emissions are adjusted for the change in the stock of cattle and swine. Emissions from processes of the Manufacture of concrete and bricks is adjusted with the production index for the most recent year.

The Greenhouse gas account is supplemented with emissions from production of electricity and district heat distributed by actual use.

The climate footprint is a supplement to the air emission accounts, which help to shed light on how activities in Denmark effect the rest of the world. The climate footprint calculates which emissions are caused by consumption. The climate footprint focuses on the emissions that are caused by final consumption. The inventory covers not only the country where consumption takes place, but also helps to shed light on how activities in one country effect other countries through the production of goods and services for import. Thus, the Danish consumption climate footprint includes the emissions that Danish consumers entails in other countries. The calculation of the climate footprint is experimental statistics.

The calculation model links the Danish input-output tables to the multiregional input-output database EXIOBASE using figures for Denmark's imports divided into both industries and countries. This industry- and country-specific linking takes place for each year from 2010 on. The figures for the last two years are based on the preliminary input-output tables.

Furthermore, the air emission accounts form the basis for the calculation of a set of indicators on greenhouse gas emissions by different municipality groups (LABY34).

Classification system

Statistics Denmark's industrial classification DB07, which is a Danish version of the EU NACE, rev. 2. and the UN's ISIC, rev. 4, contains a number of standard classifications: the 127, 36, 19, and 10 classifications.

The 117 industry classification in Air Emission Accounts, which is the same as in the national accounts, corresponds to the standard 127 standard classification. The 117 industry classification can be aggregated to other standard classifications as well. Air Emission Accounts are thus fully comparable and can be combined with other statistics operating with the DB07 standard classifications.

The climate footprint has the same industry groups as the emission accounts. The country groups follows EXIOBASE's country scope. The database contains among others characteristics for 44 individual countries (incl. Denmark) and five groups for the rest of the world.

In EXIOBASE, there are 4 main groups of the gases carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and fluorinated gases (SF6, PFC, HFC), which are divided into 22 types of emissions. Emissions from burning biomass, e.g. wood pellets and firewood, are not included in the inventory. On the other hand, emissions from land use, as well as changes therein and forestry (LULUCF) are included.

The climate footprint of Danish consumption is divided into 11 consumption groups according to purposes that follow the consumption groups in the national accounts.

Finally, a number of key figures for greenhouse gas emissions (LABY34) are allocated to different types of municipalities.

Sector coverage

All industries according to Danish Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities 2007 (DB07).

All final consumption groups according to the National Accounts' classifications.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Air emission: ‘Air emission’ means the physical flow of gaseous or particulate materials from the national economy (production or consumption processes) to the atmosphere (as part of the environmental system).

Danish consumption climate footprint: Greenhouse gas emissions in both Denmark and abroad, which can be directly and indirectly related to Danish consumption. Danish consumption is to be understood as the final domestic consumption expenditure or the sum of private consumption (including NPISH), public consumption and investments (including stock changes).

Statistical unit

The statistical unit is the local kind-of-activity unit, enterprise.

Statistical population

All units engaged in economic activity on the Danish territory.

Reference area

Air emission account: Denmark.

Climate footprint: Denmark and the rest of world.

Time coverage

The air emission accounts covers the years since 1990.

The climate footprint covers the years since 2010.

Base period

Not relevant for this statistics.

Unit of measure

Emissions to air are measured in tons for all substances.

Reference period

The air emission accounts: 01-01-2021 - 31-12-2022

The climate footprint: 01-01-2020 – 31-12-2020

Frequency of dissemination


Legal acts and other agreements

Legal authority can be found in § 8.1 in Law on Statistics in Denmark and in Regulation no. 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts.

Cost and burden

No direct response burden, since all information is based on existing statistics.


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