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Emission accounts are compiled taking energy accounts as a starting point for the emissions caused by the use of energy. Emissions caused by other factors than energy use are added subsequently and distributed among the relevant industries.
The climate footprint links the Danish input-output tables to EXIOBASE database and using these the greenhouse gas emissions that Danish consumption gives rise to in Denmark is calculated initially. Next, using multipliers from EXIOBASE, the model calculates the emissions that the import of goods and services for Danish consumption (directly and indirectly) gives rise to in the rest of the world. These multipliers tell us how many emissions imports cause in the world, broken down by industry and country.
The environmental accounts are based on: The air emissions accounts are based on technical information on emissions and emission inventories obtained from the DCE, Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, University of Aarhus. This information is supplemented by specific information on fuel oil consumption and emission of SO2 from Danish operated ships abroad. The break down by industries and households is based on information obtained from the national accounts. The emission accounts are further supplemented with information on Land use, Land use change and Forestry (LULUCF) as reported to UNFCCC by DCE.
The climate footprint is based on the Danish input-output tables, figures for Denmark's imports by both industries and countries, the air emissions accounts and the EXIOBASE database. The calculations of the climate footprint are based on the monetary release of EXIOBASE, version 3.8.2.
Frequency of data collection
Data for the air emission accounts is collected from different internal sources e.g. Energy accounts and external sources (Denmark’s reporting to UNFCCC and UNECE) by extracting information from data bases, excel spreadsheets and printed publications. These sources are supplemented by Environmental reports/Sustainability reports from certain private companies.
Data for the climate footprint are collected from the Danish input-output tables, figures for Denmark's imports by both industries and countries, the air emissions accounts and the EXIOBASE database.
First there is a process of data validation of each primary statistics, as described in the respective quality statements of the relevant statistics. It is followed by an initial validation of input data in connection to compilation of Air Emission Accounts.
Air emission accounts are compiled using Energy First principle, which takes energy accounts as a starting point and the emissions are calculated by multiplying energy use with the respective emission coefficients. This information is supplemented by specific information on fuel oil consumption and emission of SO2 from Danish operated ships abroad. Emission accounts are further supplemented with the emissions not related to the combustion of energy products. These include emissions from agriculture as well as emissions from the industrial processes. Air emission accounts are then aligned with the official emission inventories in regards to overall national totals as well as the subtotals for groups of industries to ensure consistency between the official statistics on the national level.
Statistics Denmark's model for calculating the climate footprint links the Danish input-output tables with EXIOBASE database. Using Danish input-output tables and Danish emission data, initially, the greenhouse gas emissions that Danish consumption gives rise to are calculated. Next, the import of consumer goods is added together with the import of raw materials etc. that Danish companies need in order to produce goods for the Danish consumers. Finally, using multipliers from EXIOBASE, it is calculated how many emissions the production of these imports gives rise to in the rest of the world. These multipliers tell us how much emissions imports cause in the world, broken down by industry and country.
Not relevant for this statistics.