Skip to content

Privacy and Cookie Policy

We use cookies to improve the user experience. By continuing on this page, you accept our use of cookies.

OK

Please read our Privacy and Cookie Policy here to find out more.

Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD)

The purpose of the R&D statistics of the business sector is to analyse the scope of research and experimental development undertaken within the business sector. This is carried out by estimating the resources used in the area, measured in R&D-expenditure and R&D-personnel broken down on industry, size class and the regional level. The R&D-activities can be seen as the input to the national innovation system. Data are collected, enabling comparisons over time. The survey is conducted in accordance with OECDs guidelines for R&D statistics as described in the Frascati Manual. This implies that Danish data are comparable with the data of other OECD- and EU-countries. Furthermore, the 2006 figures can be compared to the data reported over the previous 10 years, and thereby it is possible to document trends over time. Further information about sources and methods are available at https://www.dst.dk/fui

Statistical presentation

The purpose of the R&D statistics is to present the scope of research and experimental development undertaken within the Danish business sector. The aim is to secure detailed statistical information on the R&D activities.

Read more about statistical presentation

Statistical processing

The statistics is based on a survey sample of approx. 3.000 units weighted to a frame of approx 18.000 enterprises. The statistics is compiled in one joined questionnaire which covers both the R&D domain and the innovation statistics. An extensive validation process of the data is carried out. One part of the validations is integrated in the data collection in the dynamic web-questionnaire, another part is carried out after the data collection using micro- and macro validation techniques.

Read more about statistical processing

Relevance

Statistics have users in ministry of science, business organizations, researchers, business and students. Statistics are used in publications on research and in international comparisons. R&D statistics is describing the knowledge society. Part of the EU's Innovations Union Scoreboard. Micro-data is available for research through Research Service at Statistics Denmark.

Read more about relevance

Accuracy and reliability

To minimize errors from the the questionnaires are supported with guidelines and instructions. However some data reports are not error-free and may reflect misinterpretations from the respondents which can lead to certain errors.

Coefficients of variance (CV) have been compiled for a range of central indicators:

2018 (preliminary data)

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,3
  • Total R&D FTE:: 1,6

2013 (preliminary data)

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 0,9
  • Total R&D FTE:: 1,2

2012 (preliminary data)

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,0
  • Total R&D FTE:: 1,4

2011

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,0
  • Total R&D FTE: 1,3

2010

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,4
  • Total R&D FTE: 1,2
  • Total R&D extramural expenditures: 4,5

2009

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,0
  • Total R&D FTE: 1,2

2008

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,1
  • Total R&D FTE: 1,1

2009

  • Total R&D intramural expenditures: 1,4
  • Total R&D FTE: 1,4

Read more about accuracy and reliability

Timeliness and punctuality

The statistics is published no later than 12 months after the end of the reference year. Statistics with reference year 2018 is delayed until February 2020.

Read more about timeliness and punctuality

Comparability

The statistics is compiled according to the guidelines of the Frascati Manual and the EU Regulation. The statics is comparable with R&D statistics for other countries. There are no other comparable Danish R&D-statistics, but the Danish statistics is comparable to the R&D statistics from other EU-member states and OECD-countries. The statistics is from 2007-2016 comparable. There was a break in time series from 2016 to 2017.

Read more about comparability

Accessibility and clarity

The statistics are published in Focus On Statistics Denmark (Nyt fra Danmarks Statistik) and are available from Statistics Denmark's website at https://www.dst.dk/fui and from the database StatBank Denmark (https://www.dst.dk/statistikbanken). The statistics can also be found at the Eurostat databases (under the STI-domain). For the years 2012-2020 Statistics Denmark published a more extensive publication concerning R&D and innovation: "Innovation og Forskning 2020" (Innovation and research 2020).The publication is available (Danish only) on https://www.dst.dk

Read more about accessibility and clarity