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Interna­tional trade in goods

The International trade in goods (products) statistics describes the development in Denmark´s international trade in goods (imports and exports) with EU countries and non-EU countries. Machines, foods and medicine are among the most important groups of exported goods.

The statistics show Denmark’s imports and exports of goods distributed by countries and by approx. 10,000 different commodities. The statistics are compiled on the basis of the trade value (estimated in terms of DKK) and usually also in kg.
The statistics on external trade in goods are published monthly and are continually revised. Provisional annual figures are published in February, covering the previous year.
External trade in goods can be distributed by trade with EU countries (Intrastat) and trade with countries outside the EU (EXtrastat). Trade in goods within the EU is reported monthly to Statistics Denmark by all business enterprises trading with other EU countries above a certain threshold value.
All trade in goods with countries outside the EU must be reported by enterprises to the Danish customs authorities, which pass on the information to Statistics Denmark for the purpose of compiling statistics.
Special statistics provide data on the annual external trade in organic goods. The survey has been conducted since 2003. Throughout all the years imports have been higher than exports and correspond to more than DKK 200 per capita annually.
The largest organic commodity groups are imports of fruit and vegetables, whereas dairy products and eggs accounted for about half of total exports of organic commodities.


Trade with non-EU countries:


  • Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and the Common Customs Tariff Commission Regulation (EC) No 1832/2002 of 1 August 2002 amending Annex 1 to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the Tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff (EC) No 1779/2002 of 4 October 2002 on countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States


Summary of the commodity classifications applied in publishing external trade

The Combined Nomenclature (CN) is the merchandise nomenclature applied by the EU when compiling statistics on EU trade as well as trade with non-EU countries. The CN is an 8-digit commodity classification and is the most detailed commodity grouping in external trade. When publishing external trade statistics, the 8-digit CN commodity codes are grouped according to SITC (Standard International Trade Classification) aiming at analysing external trade by the stage of fabrication (raw materials, semi-manufactures, finished goods). The CN and SITC nomenclatures are related to each other, implying that a 5-digit item of the SITCS always corresponds to one or several more items under the same 4-digit heading in the Combined Nomenclature. In addition to the CN and the SITC, imports are analysed by means of a classification by end-use (BEC) and exports analysed by means of a classification by industrial origin (KONJ). The BEC (Broad Economic Categories), which is largely based on the SITC, comprises 7 areas of application and under each of these a number of commodity groups. The classification is defined on the basis of the SITC, so that all commodity items under the same SITC item are, as a general rule, allocated to the same commodity group.
The KONJ comprises 8 categories of exports, each covering a number of commodity groups. Here, the classification is also largely defined on the basis of the SITC. Finally, for the analysis of modes of transport in external trade, the 8-digit commodity codes are grouped according to the CTSE (Classification for Transport Statistics in Europe) and the NST/R, (Nomenclature uniforme de marchandises pour les statistiques des transports/Révisée). The CTSE and NST/R are defined on the basis of the SITC.


Definition of the commodity classification

As from the publishing of statistics of January 2009, the commodity classfication in the series “Nyt fra Danmarks Statistik” (News from Statistics Denmark) on external trade in goods has been changed, so that the UN’s commodity classification SITC (Standard International Trade Classification) is used. The commodity classification in “Nyt fra Danmarks Statistik” covers the following SITC groups :
Food, beverages, tobacco, etc.: SITC sections 0, 1 and 4
Raw materials, inedible, excl. fuels: SITC section 2
Fuels and lubricants, etc.: SITC section 3
Chemicals and other chemical goods: SITC section 5
Manufactured products, primarily semi-manufactures: SITC section 6
Machinery, excl. transport equipment: SITC section 7 excluding SITC chapters 78 and 79
Transport equipment, incl. ships and aircraft: SITC chapters 78 and 79
Finished goods and other goods: SITC sections 8 and 9

Furthermore, figures for external trade in the most recent month with Finland, France, Italy, Netherlands and China are now published.

0-9 Total
0 Food and live animals
1 Beverages and tobacco
2 Raw materials, inedible
3 Mineral fuels and lubricants
4 Animal and vegetables oils, fats and wax
5 Chemicals and chemical goods
6 Manufactured products, primarily semi-manufactures
7 Machinery and transport equipment
8 Manufactured products, not elsewhere specified
9 Miscellaneous goods and transactions, not elsewhere specified (not estimated)

01-54 Total
01-04 Intermediate goods for agriculture and horticulture
05-10 Intermediate goods for the construction industry
11-30 Intermediate goods for other industries
32-36 Fuels, lubricants and electric current
37-42 Machinery and other capital equipment
43-46 Transport equipment
47-53 Other goods for household consumption
54 Goods not elsewhere specified

0-86 Total
01-11 Agricultural products of animal origin
21-24 Agricultural products of vegetable origin
31-32 Canned meat and milk
41-67, 69-72 Industrial products, excl. Machinery and instruments
68 Machinery and instruments
80 Ships, aircraft,  drillings rigs and production platforms (not estimated)
82 Fish, crustaceans and molluscs
84 Raw fur skins
85 Fuels, lubricants and electric current
86 Other goods

Countries and country groups included in the first publishing of statistics
EU countries, total
Non-EU countries, total
United Kingdom
The first publishing of statistics takes place 40 days following the statistical month under survey.

As from the second publishing of external trade figures, the statistics contain information analysed by all 8-digit CN commodity codes and countries. Further information about Denmark’s external trade is available from the database StatBank Denmark. Under the item Most recent economic key figures, information about total external trade as well as information about imports and exports analysed by main commodity groups are available free of charge.

In order to view the underlying figures in the database StatBank Denmark:


Documentation of statistics

Get an overview of the purpose, content and quality of the statistics. Here you can find information on the sources that the statistics are derived from, what the statistics contains and how often it is published.

Key figures

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