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Statistical presentation

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Division of Short Term Statistics, Department of Business Statistics
Inger Hansen
+45 39 17 35 51

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Rail Transport

Rail transport statistics are collected from the operators on the Danish rail network and from infrastructure managers. It contains information on passenger and goods transport on Danish rail network irrespective of the nationality of the operator, information on railway infrastructure and rolling vehicle stock, investments in infrastructure and rolling vehicles, and rail accidents. It covers number of passengers and weight of goods. Also it covers person/goods kilometers, investments in the railway and accidents.

Data description

Rail transport statistics contain information on

  • Passenger and goods transport by rail: the number of passenger and weight and type of goods
  • Railway infrastructure and rolling vehicle stock: the length of rails and network characteristics, e.g. interlocking or train stops, and number of locomotives and wagons
  • Investments in railway infrastructure and rolling vehicles: Investments in rail network and service buildings etc. and investments in locomotives and wagons
  • Rail Accidents

Classification system

Classifications specified in the EU legislation are used. Primarily it is the classification of the type of goods according to NST2007 and the classification on dangerous goods. Further grouping by type of transport, type of train, segments, type of wagon, regions, countries and type of incidents.

Sector coverage

Rail transport in Denmark.

Statistics Denmark collects data for all rail transport in Denmark including private railways (local railways), light rail and metro.

In connection with the submission of data to Eurostat in accordance with EU regulation 2018/643, it is exclusive data for light rail and metro, as determined by regulation. In connection with Annex V to the regulation, the S train network and the private railways are also omitted. In connection with submission of "The Common Questionnaire to Eurostat/ITF/UNECE on inland transport statistics", it is only data excluding data for private railways, light rail and metro.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Centralised traffic control: Length of lines in kilometre with centralised traffic control. A system that controls railroad interlockings and traffic flows.

Country: Country of origin or destination for international transport.

Region: Regions by NUTS2-level. Region of origin or destination of national transports.

Crossings: Crossings where roads cross train tracks.

Electrified lines: Electrified lines.

Gross weight of goods: Gross weight of goods in ton excluding packing.

Intermodal transport unit: Intermodal transport unit (e.g. container unit) used for a given goods transport.

Investments: Investments in moving and fixed capital in mill. Danish kroner.

Load capacity in 1,000 tonnes: Load capacity in goods wagons in 1,000 tonnes.

Multiple-track lines: Lines with multiple parallel tracks.

Passenger kilometer: Passenger kilometer is a unit that measures the total distance travelled of all passengers.

Passengers: Number of passengers transported including non-fare paying passengers.

Railway lines: Railway lines is a single or multiple track route between two point. Railway lines are in the statistics subdivided primarily based on the infrastructure manager. The primary railway lines are subdivided based on location.

Seating: Available seating in passenger wagons.

Speed and train stop control: Lines with speed and train stop control.

Stations or halts: Places where a train can stop and load/unload goods or embark/disembark passengers, i.e. stations or halts.

Tonkilometer: A measure of the transport production. It is measured in tonkm as a combination of the weight of the goods and the distance travelled.

Train: Train is a locomotive or tractive vehicle combined with passenger or goods wagon. One or several coupled trainsets are considered a train. A tractive vehicle (locomotive) alone is not a train.

Trainset: A trainset is a indivisible block of railcar(s) and railcar trailer(s) or locomotives(s) and passenger railway vehicle(s).

Train kilometer: Train kilometer is the distance travelled by a train.

Type of goods: Categorisation of the type of goods.

Type of transport: Type of transport, national or international.

Statistical unit

The unit used in dissemination is the railway stretch.

Statistical population

Passenger and goods transport on Danish rail network

Reference area

Railways in Denmark.

Time coverage

Few of the time series starts in 1990. Then from 2006 and onwards more time series has been added due to demands from the EU-regulation.

Base period

Not relevant for this statistics.

Unit of measure

  • Passenger transport in number of persons and in passenger-kilometer (number of passengers times performed distance, passenger-km)
  • Goods transport in tonnes and tonnes-kilometer (tonnes times performed km)
  • vehicle kilometer in vehicle-km (train times performed km)
  • Investments in DKK (Danish Kroner) in current and fixed prices

Reference period

Quarter or calendar year.

Frequency of dissemination

Goods and passenger transport are compiled quarterly. Other parts of the statistics are compiled annually.

Legal acts and other agreements

Data collection is authorised by the Law on Statistics Denmark, section 8, cf. order no. 610 of 30 May 2018.

Statistics on rail transport are compiled according to European Parliament and Council regulation 2018/643 of 18 April 2018 on Statistics on railway transport.

Cost and burden

The administrative burden on reporting enterprises are very low.


Additional information can be found at the statistic's subject page.