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Harvest of Cereals etc.

The purpose of harvest of grains etc. is to describe the Danish harvest of grain and roughage. The statistics are used for research, EU reporting, GDP calculation and energy and feed accounts. The statistics have been compiled since 1875, but are in their present form comparable from 1971 onwards. Corresponding statistics on vegetable production: 'Production of fruit and vegetables', 'Nursery production', 'Berry and stone fruit'. This data is collected via the Agriculture and Horticulture survey.

Statistical presentation

The harvest of cereals, etc. is an annual estimate of the Danish harvest of grain, root crops and roughage in area (1000 hectares), average yield (100 kg per hectare) and production (million kg). The statistics are calculated by crops and broken down by provinces.

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Statistical processing

Data for the harvest of grains, rape etc. is collected annually from farmers using questionnaires. The collected data is corrected based on consistency rules and yield limits. Corrected data is raised to the total population. Harvesting of roughage, Forecast for winter seed and Seed for seedling are collected annually from experts via questionnaires and the accounts statistics for agriculture. The collected yields are raised by total areas (application for crop subsidies).

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The users are mainly EU and agricultural organizations. The results are included in the agricultural gross factor income. Information on the use of straw for fuel is used, among other things by the DEA.

User needs are covered in the User Committee for food statistics. Statistics Denmark is also in regular contact with key users, including the Ministry of Food and research institutions.

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Accuracy and reliability

The response rate for the calculation of the harvest of grains, rapeseed etc. is over 95 per cent. Precision meets EU quality requirements.

For coarse fodder, reliability must be considered reasonable for average yields, while it is high for area information.

The forecast for winter seed areas usually deviates by 5-10 percentage points from the later established cultivated areas.

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Timeliness and punctuality

The statistics are usually published without delay to the scheduled date.

Preliminary data for the harvest of cereals, rape and pulses are published in late November. Final statement, including results for provinces and regions are published April of the following year, where the coarse fodder harvest alsot is published. End of reference Period: October 1. Harvesting of roughage is published April of the following year. End of reference Period: end of November. The forecast for the following year's winter land released in early December. End of reference Period: October 15

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Similar statistics are produced among EU members and are available from the Eurostat's website. The statistics comply with EU standards.

Harvest figures are in principle comparable back to 1900 but with methodological changes along the way. The current calculation method has in principle been used since 1971. The statistics for the new regions of the country are made from 2006. Thus there for 2006 is both a statement of the then counties, and the current regions.

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Accessibility and clarity

These statistics are published in the StatBank under Crop production and in a Danish press release.

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