Eating habits and food waste
How are the meal and eating habits in Denmark? How many are vegetarians? How much food is wasted in Denmark?
Note: Below, we provide links to Statistics Denmark and others who make statistics on the subject. In some instances, the sources referred to below have content in Danish only or limited content in English.
In Statistics Denmark’s StatBank Denmark, you will find a table from the Household Budget Survey on "Household average consumption by group of consumption and price unit" that allows you to see the Danish consumption in DKK on various foods and drinks, e.g. coffee.
The National Food Institute under the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) runs surveys on dietary habits in Denmark, nationale kostundersøgelser (DANSDA) (in Danish) - currently DANSDA 2021-2023 is in progress.
- Results from the latest survey are available in the report "Danskernes kostvaner 2011-2013" (2015) (summary in English)
- Several reports and articles - e.g. on the consumption of meat (2018) – are available via the institute’s list of publications (some of which are in English)
- Read more about i.a. dietary supplements and health-promoting substances on the topic page Nutrition and dietary habits
The National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) has prepared a national health profile “Den Nationale Sundhedsprofil 2021”, which includes information on dietary habits:
The DTU National Food Institute has published an article comparing sales of sweets, chocolate, soft drinks and squash in Denmark with those in other countries:
- See the e-article on Danes consuming more sweets than anyone: Danskerne er verdensmestre i slikindkøb (2021) (in Danish)
The National Institute of Public Health has previously examined the population’s consumption of unhealthy foods - befolkningens indtag af usunde fødevarer (in Danish):
- The results are gathered in the report "Sodavand, slik, chokolade og fastfood" (2018) (in Danish)
The Danish Agriculture & Food Council also makes consumer analyses (in Danish) – e.g. on the use of cook-at-home meal kits (2021), convenience foods (2020) and takeaway (2018).
Madkulturen is an independent institution under the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries of Denmark working to promote a healthy food culture in Denmark. The institution makes annual surveys of the population’s food and meal habits:
- The reports (in Danish) include information on the choice of ingredients, dietary principles and grocery shopping - including the use of cook-at-home meal kits.
How many drink coffee, tea, beer, soft drinks or bottled water?
Trade organisations have information on the consumption of different types of drinks:
- Coffee: Dansk Kaffeinformation (Danish coffee information) offers figures on coffee, Kaffe i tal, (in Danish) at their website kaffeinfo.dk
- Tea: Terådet (the tea council) provides figures on tea, Te i tal (in Danish), at their website teinfo.dk
- Beer, soft drinks and bottled water:
The Danish Brewers’ Association has figures for the separate groups of drinks – as well as for containers and the deposit system (in Danish)
At Statistics Denmark, you can find information on sales of alcohol per head - disaggregated on beer, wine and spirits.
How many are vegetarians? And how many live on a strictly vegan diet?
In 2017-2022, the Danish Vegetarian Association - in collaboration with Coop Analyze - has carried out a study on the vegetarian environment in Denmark (in Danish).
How much food is wasted in Denmark?
In the 2020 and 2022 editions of Statistics Denmark’s annual survey on "ICT usage in households and by individuals“ (summary in English), people were asked e.g. about their use of apps to reduce food waste.
- See also an article from Statistics Denmark on one in five Danes fighting food waste via apps "Hver femte bekæmper madspild ved brug af apps" (in Danish) (August 2022)
- See table in StatBank Denmark
One\Third is a think tank on Prevention of Food Loss and Food Waste. The think tank belongs under the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries of Denmark and makes surveys on food waste and food loss – e.g. how many packed lunches are thrown out. One of their publications is an analysis of food waste fractions in household waste:
- Analyse af madspildsfraktioner i affald fra husholdninger (in Danish) (September 2022)
The Ministry of Environment of Denmark has focus on food waste and collects food waste data across sectors:
- Nye tal for madaffald på tværs i sektorer (in Danish) (July 2021)
In 2018, the Danish Agriculture & Food Council published a report collecting the results of recent analyses and consumer surveys on the food waste of Danish consumers:
"Madspild hos de danske forbrugere“ (in Danish)
[This page was last reviewed in January 2023]