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Environmental Goods and Services

The statistics on environmental goods and services shows economy and employment related to market-based business activities within environmental protection and resource saving areas. The statistics contribute to the overall picture of what happens in the environmental field and is a part of the environmental accounts. First results covers 2012.

Statistical presentation

Environmental goods and services (EGSS) is products with specific environmental or resource saving purposes (e.g. waste water management or production of windmills) as general products cleaner and/or more resource efficient than similar types. Freezers with low energy consumption and construction of low energy houses are examples. The statistics is part of the the Environmental-Economic Accounts for Denmark.

The statistics are designed to show results by 16 environmental and resource saving purposes and by type of industry. The activities are categorized in: Environmental specific services, connected goods and services and cleaner and resource efficient products.

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Statistical processing

The data collection 2021 is based on a stratified sample of 2.200 business units out of in total 6,100 units with 10 employees or more in the relevant types of industries

In the complete statistics also estimates for smaller business units and compiled results from existing sources are included.

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The data users are mainly public authorities working with environment, resources and business activities and international goals in these areas, including the SDG's from 2015. Associations in the same fields are interested as well. The level of satisfaction has not yet been measured.

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Accuracy and reliability

There are several sources of errors, which are considered to induce uncertainty to the results for environmental goods and service. In particular, this is due to the level of clarity of definitions on EGSS. This size of this problem has been reduced by very intensive validation of data.

Errors exist mainly in the special surveyed data. In particular the result regarding firms with less than 10 employees have significant errors due to estimation methods.

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Timeliness and punctuality

First data release about 10 month after end of reference year.

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The statistics exist only for 2012 to 2022. Results for these years can be compared, taken in consideration that results 2012-2014 on construction and knowledge service most probably were underestimated.

In principle the results for Denmark can be compared with results from other EU-countries, but different compiling methods may affect the conclusions.

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Accessibility and clarity

The main variables are published in Statistical News and in the

For a broader description, publications was produced in 2015.

It is possible to link data on EGSS with data on in example research, education and salaries

More information can be found under the subject: Environmental-economic accounts.

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