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Statistical presentation

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Office for Food industries, department for Business statistics
Henrik Bolding Pedersen
+45 39 17 33 15

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Economics of Agricultural Activities

The statistics show economic results of production branches in agriculture. The statistical basis are accounts data on land and livestock as well as accounting items. Using methods such as linear regression there have identified several key figures for respectively conventional and organic farms, after which it is possible to distribute the cost items on productions branches and measure the financial result of each activity.

Data description

The statistics show economic results of production branches. The statistical basis are accounts data on land and livestock as well as accounting items. Using methods such as linear regression several key figures have been identified for respectively conventional and organic farms, after which it is possible to distribute the cost items on productions branches. The statistics include both single-owned farms and co-owned farms, mostly in the form of the limited partnerships.

The distribution include the following production branches:


  • Wheat
  • Spring barley
  • Winter
  • Rye and triticale
  • Oats and mixed grain

Other cash crops:

  • Rapeseed
  • Forage Peas
  • Broad beans
  • Sugarbeets
  • Potatoes for consumption
  • Industry Potatoes
  • Grass seeds
  • Clover seeds
  • Vegetables in the open
  • Fruit and berries (incl. strawberries)
  • Flowers in the open (incl. nurseryproducts)
  • Flowers in greenhouse
  • Vegetables in greenhouse
  • Other cash crops


  • Whole crop (grain and peas)
  • Maize (for silage)
  • Fodder beet
  • Grass in rotation
  • Permanent grass
  • Fallow


  • Dairy cows
  • Breeding for dairy cows
  • Slaughtercalves after milking cows
  • Suckler Cows
  • Breeding for dairy cows
  • Slaughtercalves for dairy cows

Pigs and poultry:

  • Sows (including piglets to 7 kg) (only for conventional production)
  • Piglets (30 kg) (only for conventional production)
  • Sows incl. piglets (only for organic production)
  • Pigs for slaughter (Also divided by own piglets or bought piglets)
  • Chickens (egg laying)
  • Broilers
  • Other poultry

Other livestock and other sources:

  • Horses
  • Sheep
  • Fur
  • Other livestock
  • Contract operation
  • Building Rental
  • Other sources

Classification system

Agricultural activities are divided in 46 different activities.

The statistics comprises the following variables:

  • Population, number of holdings
  • Sample, number of holdings
  • Area, ha
  • Animals, average number
  • Crop yield, hkg per hectare
  • Standard milk yield, kg per cow
  • Product price, DKK per hkg
  • Milk price, DKK per kilo, standard
  • Labour input, hours/(hectare, animal)
  • Stocks
  • Livestock
  • Equipment
  • Buildings
  • Land improvement
  • Milk quota
  • Rights
  • Main product
  • By-product
  • Manure
  • Subsidies etc. (2010- )
  • Environmental subsidies (2012-)
  • Seed
  • Fertilizer and manure
  • Pesticides etc.
  • Energy
  • Contract operation
  • Other Crop costs
  • Calculated interest, stocks and livestock
  • Feeding stuff (2012 -)
  • Roughage (2008-2011)
  • Straw material (2012 -)
  • Veterinary services and pharmaceutical costs
  • Insemination
  • Other livestock costs
  • Labour costs
  • Maintenance, equipment
  • Depreciation, equipment
  • Calculated interest, equipment
  • Property and energy tax (2008-2009)
  • Property tax (2010- )
  • Energy tax (2010- )
  • Insurances
  • Miscellaneous costs
  • Maintenance and depreciation, buildings
  • Maintenance and depreciation, land improvement (2008-2009)
  • Maintenance and depreciation, land improvement (2010- )
  • Depreciation, fruit trees and berry scrubs (2008-2009)
  • Calculated interest, buildings
  • Calculated interest, land improvement
  • RENT
  • Land cost

Sector coverage

Agriculture and horticulture.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Labour Costs: Total value of labour input, both paid and unpaid.

Labour Input: Used working hours per production unit.

Contribution Margin I: Production value minus Costs I.

Contribution Margin II: Production value minus Costs I and Costs II.

Land Cost: Calculated as an opportunity cost equal the rent for tenancy for an average hectare. The land cost is calculated without land tax and the right to obtain single payment and without payment for buildings.

Rate of Return to Land: Production value minus Total Costs. The key figure for crop production. Rate of return to land is the profit to land when all production factors are paid for.

Labour Income: Total profit plus Labour Costs. For crop production defined as Rate of return to land minus Land costs + Labour costs.

Labour Income per Hour: Calculated per working hour for a given activity.

Total Profit: Production value minus Total costs. The key figure for husbandry. Total profit is the result after all production factors have been paid for.

Costs I: Variable costs.

Total Costs: Total costs: Costs I + Costs II + Costs III.

Costs II: Partly variable costs.

Costs III: Fixed costs.

Production Value: The total production value, incl. in-holding consumed products and by-products such as straw and manure.

Annual animal units: One animal unit is equal to 365 fodder days.

Statistical unit

Data on crops are published per hectare, per square meter for greenhouses. For activities with livestock the unit is per animal, except for piglets, pigs for slaughter and egg-laying hens where the unit are 100 animals and chickens for slaughter where the unit is 1.000 chickens produced.

Statistical population

Agricultural holdings with at least 1,665 hours work yearly. Thus the statistics covers full-time farms which are expected to have farming as their main occupation.

Reference area


Time coverage


Base period

Not relevant for this statistic.

Unit of measure

Account items in DKK per hectare or unit of animals. Furthermore area in hectares and yield in hectokilo or kg.

Reference period

Accounts statistics for agriculture are based on calendar accounts.

Frequency of dissemination

Published once a year.

Legal acts and other agreements

The collection of data is based on the owner's acceptance that the farm financial information may be obtained from the accounting office / auditor. The statistics are not regulated by the EU.

Cost and burden

It is not meant to be a burden on respondents as the survey is voluntary and data are paid for.