Skip to content

Statistical presentation

Contact info

Food Industry, Business Statistics
Mona Larsen
+45 3917 3399

Get as PDF


These statistics are a quarterly measurement of the total number of cattle in Denmark. The number of cattle are divided into groups of bulls and steers, heifers and cows, based on information collected from administrative registers. The cattle stock is also divided by geographic province.

Data description

The statistics on herd of cattle shows the total number of cattle in Denmark. The survey is carried out quarterly on the last day in the quarter. Information is collected from two registers: the Central Register of Livestock and the Register of Cattle, where all cattle are registered with an individual number. The number of cattle is divided into male and female animals according to their age. Cows are divided into dairy cows and cows kept for suckling. The data are distributed geography into provinces.

Classification system

The herd of cattle is divided into three main groups: Bulls and steer, Heifer and Cows. Under these groups, the herd of cattle is divided by sex in male and female cattle. The complete division of cattle into groups are:

Bulls and bullocks

  • Bulls and bullocks calves not over ½ year
  • Bulls and bullocks calves aged ½ - 1 year
  • Bulls and bullocks calves total
  • Bulls and bullocks, 1-2 year
  • Bulls and bullocks, 2 year or more
  • Bulls and bullocks, total


  • Heifers calves not over ½ year
  • Heifers calves ½-1 year
  • Heifers calves total
  • Heifer, 1-2 year, in calf
  • Heifer, 1-2 year, total
  • Heifer, 2 year or more, in calf
  • Heifer, 2 year or more, total
  • Heifer, total


  • Dairy cows
  • Cows kept for suckling

Geographical breakdown

All data are divided geographically by Agricultural provinces.

  • Region Hovedstaden (Landsdel København) and Nordsjælland samt Landsdel Bornholm)
  • Region Sjælland
  • Region Syddanmark (Landsdel Fyn and Landsdel Sydjylland)
  • Region Midtjylland (Landsdel Østjylland and Landsdel Vestjylland)
  • Region Nordjylland

Regions are divided into special agricultural provinces. It is chosen to show results for the provinces København by, København omegn and Nordsjælland as one province. Likewise is the provinces landsdelene Østsjælland og Vestsjælland considered as one province being identical with the region Sjælland. The region Nordjylland is not divided into provinces.

Sector coverage

Agricultural sector.

Statistical concepts and definitions

CHR number: CHR number is the number, which the holding is registered in The Ministry of the Environment and Food Ministry's Central Animal Husbandry Register. Every single cattle has a unique ID-number in CHR.

The Central Animal Husbandry Register (CHR): CHR is the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration's database for the registration of herds and livestock. CHR was established in 1993. Read more about this on the website of the Ministry of the Environment and Food.

Heifer in calf: Heifer in calf is heifer declare in calf and heifers, which have been inseminate for more than 3 month after day of the survey.

Cattle: Cattle are defined as bovine animal, which means domestic animals of the species Bos Taurus and Bubalus bubalus, including hybrids like Beefalo.

Cattle database: The cattle database is a central database of cattle that contains data which are reported by the cattle users or transferred from among others. Cattle breeding associations, dairies, slaughterhouses, DAKA, ear-brand manufacturers and practicing veterinarians.

Statistical unit

The units are number of bovine animals.

Statistical population

All cattle in Denmark (this is the same as all cattle recorded in the Central Register of Livestock Farms on the reference date). It is a full-scale census.

Reference area


Time coverage

The statistics covers the period from first quarter 2008 and forward. Older data are described under Comparability over Time.

Base period

Not relevant for these statistics.

Unit of measure

The unit of measure is number of cattle.

Reference period

The surveys are carried out quarterly on the last day in the quarter (the 31 of Marts, the 30 of June, the 30 of September and the 31 of December).

Frequency of dissemination

These statistics are published quarterly.

Legal acts and other agreements

Law on Statistics Denmark §8 secures the legal base for collecting the data.

The statistic falls under EU Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics.

Cost and burden

There is no response burden as the data are collected via registers (existing sources). The registers are administrated by Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries of Denmark, The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration and SEGES Landbrug & Fødevarer F.m.b.A.


In order to stabilize and regulate the market for dairy products within the EU, annual milk quotas have been implemented in the period from 1984 until 1 April 2015. For each Member State, a production volume was set for which a profitable selling price was guaranteed. For additional production, a charge (super tax) of such a size was charged that this production was unprofitable.