The unemployed (LFS) are those persons without a job who, within the last 4 weeks before the reference week, actively have sought employment, and who can start at a new job within 2 weeks after the reference week. The LFS is based on internationally used definitions, which makes the results internationally comparable.
|LFS unemployed||Registered unemployed|
(figures from the National Labour Market Authority)
|Method||a quarterly questionnaire-based sample survey with 75,000 interviews per year||monthly register-based full-scale survey
- are out of work,
|All registered unemployed persons,
- who claim unemployment benefits from an employment insurance fund or
- are recipients of social assistance who are ready for work
|Unit||Number of PERSONS||Persons are converted to FULL-TIME|
LFS unemployment is quarterly unemployment compiled on the basis of the Labour Force Survey.
The LFS is conducted
- to analyse the population's status in relation to the labour market and
- to compare results across EU borders.
All EU Member States conduct the Labour Force Survey in accordance with homogeneous principles and thereby the Survey forms the most appropriate basis for international comparisons of labour market statistics used by the EU and the OECD.
The LFS comprises 75,000 interviews conducted every year concerning subjects relating to the labour market.
LFS unemployment shows unemployment among persons who want to work from a few hours per week to full-time. The LFS has been published annually since 1984 and quarterly since 1994.
The quarterly LFS unemployment level is projected monthly by Eurostat on the basis of the register-based unemployment. The projection is adjusted when the new LFS figures have been published.
LFS unemployment is based on the international definition, which was laid down by the International Labour t Organisation (ILO) in 1982. The ILO definition is operationalized in the LFS to provide a picture of the number of per-sons who are, in real terms, available for work. See table 1.
- when attention is focused also on analysing unemployed persons who are not entitled to claim unemployment t benefits or social assistance
- when attention is focused on estimating the number of persons who want to work
- in conducting cross-sectional analyses, e.g. by means of supplementary questions
- in connection with information on, e.g. youth unemployment (15-24 year-olds). Few young people are covered by insurance against unemployment, which implies that youth unemployment is frequently underestimated in the register-based unemployment, particularly in the case of comparisons among countries.
- in conducting international comparisons of unemployment levels and unemployment trends.
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