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The Danish sustainability indicators

The Danish sustainability indicators are a supplement to the “Global Goals for Sustainable Development”. They are the result of the project Our Goals, which put the UN Global Goals in a Danish context. The Danish indicators show what the Danes find important when it comes to social, economic and resource-related sustainability in Denmark.

Read the completion report: Make Global Goals Our Goals.

Statistics Denmark and the 2030-Panel have published 197 new Danish indicators to translate the 17 UN Global Goals into a Danish context. The indicators are based on input from more than 6,000 Danish companies, organisations, researchers and dedicated citizens. Read the report and see the Danes’ approach to sustainable development in Denmark.

For questions and other requests for the Our Goals project as well as the completion report, write to: Verdensmaal@dst.dk

 
Goal 1: No poverty
End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.1.1
Homeless people

Homelessness in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of homeless people in Denmark. Source: The Danish Center for Social Science Research (VIVE).
Last updated: 16-07-2021
1.2.1
Living below the absolute poverty line

Proportion living below the absolute poverty line

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Definition

The data shows the development of absolute poverty. This is defined as people with equivalised disposable income and net wealth that are below 50 percent of the median income in 2015 adjusted for CPI. Furthermore households with a student as the main breadwinner is excluded.

Last updated: 29-11-2021
1.2.2
Material wants

Proportion of population with material wants

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Definition

The data shows partly the proportion of the population (minimum 16 years) who stated that they could not afford: replace wornout clothing, meet with friends or Family, participate regurlarly in leisure activities or go to the dentist if needed, and partly the proportion of the population (regardless of age) whose household, for economic reasons, was not able to: do not have a car for private use, can not pay an unforeseen expense up to DKK 10,000, can not take at least one week's vacation annually.

Last updated: 21-10-2020
1.2.3
Persons in the low-income group

Proportion of persons in the low-income group

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of persons in all age groups who have been living below the relative poverty line defined by having an equivalent disposable income of less than 50 per cent of the median income in the year in question, one, two, three and four years in a row.
Last updated: 29-11-2021
1.3.1
Social security benefits

Proportion of the working-age population on social security benefits

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of the population of working age (16-64 years) on public support (excluding the student allowance).
Last updated: 24-07-2020
1.3.2
Longterm social security benefits

Proportion of the population of working age on longterm social security benefits

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of the population of working age (16-64 years) on longterm social security benefits.
Last updated: 05-08-2020
1.4.1
Proportion of the net wealth

Proportion of the net wealth for population over the age of 18

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Definition

The data shows the trend in average net wealth for people over the age of 18 as well as the decile limits. The amounts are in current prices.

Last updated: 14-01-2022
1.5.1
Members of an unemployment insurance fund

Proportion of the population (16-64 years) who are members of an unemployment insurance fund

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Definition
The data shows the trend in proportion of the population (16-64 years) who are members of an unemployment insurance fund.
Last updated: 23-07-2020
Goal 2: Zero hunger
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
2.2.1a
Underweight or overweight - sex

Proportion of the population that is underweight or overweight, by sex

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Definition
The data shows weight categories, by sex. The data is survey-based using a representative sample of the Danish population over the age of 16. Source: The Danish Health Authority. 
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.2.1b
Underweight or overweight - school children

Proportion of children in different weight categories, by school level

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Definition
The data shows weight categories by school level. Lower primary includes school children who are aged either 6 or 7 when weighed, and if more than one weight is recorded for a child, it is usually the earliest one that is included. Upper primary includes school children who are between 9 and 13 years of age, and if more than one weight is recorded for a child, it is usually the one closest to the child’s 11th birthday that is included. Lower secondary includes school children who are aged either 14 or 15 when they were weighed, and if more than one weight is recorded for a child, it is usually latest one that is included. Source: The National Children’s Database and the Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.2.2
Dietary patterns

Dietary patterns, by sex

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Definition
The data shows dietary patterns, by sex. The categorisation is based on a number of survey questions on the dietary advice issued by the Danish Health Authority. The data include people over 16 years of age. Source: The Danish Health Authority.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.2.3
Poor physical health

Proportion of the population with poor physical health, by sex and age

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of the population with poor physical health, by sex and age. The categorisation is based on a number of survey questions based on SF-12, a so-called generic health status measure. The data includes people over 16 years of age. Source: The Danish Health Authority.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.3.1
Profit rate in agriculture

Profit rate in agriculture

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Definition
The data shows the development in the profit rate in agriculture for all full-time and part-time farms.
Last updated: 08-10-2021
2.4.1
Agricultural sustainability

Trends in agricultural sustainability

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Definition
The data shows the trends in agricultural sustainability, illustrated by seven subcomponents. The indicator is calculated on 1) production per unit of area (production); 2) greenhouse gas emissions (Greenhouse gases); 3) excess nitrogen (nitrogen, fields); 4) nitrogen, diffuse emissions (nitrogen, water); 5) (phosphorus, fields); 6) (phosphorus, water); and 7) (pesticides). The indicator is calculated as an index, 2015 = 100. Source: Statistics Denmark, NOVANA Report, Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Danish Centre for Environment and Energy and UN Environment and Development Convention.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.4.2
Animal welfare in agriculture

Proportion of registered pig and broiler hen producers, by the three levels of the animal welfare label

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of registered participating producers who meet the Ministry of Environment and Food in Denmark’s standards for animal welfare within pig and broiler hen production. There are three levels of animal welfare standards and the requirements increase for each level. Pig producers have been able to register for the Animal Welfare Label since April 2017 – broiler hen producers from October 2018 and cattle producers from January 2020. Thus, the scheme is still relatively new, and the number of registered producers is relatively small. Going forward, the statistics will also include cattle producers as they register to participate in the scheme. Source: The Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.4.3
Antibiotics in agriculture

Consumption of antibiotics in agricultural production of pigs and cattle (active ingredients)

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the use of antibiotics in the agricultural production of pigs and cattle, measured in 1,000 kg of active ingredients. Source: The Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark.
 
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.5.1a
Exploitation of genetic resources - number

Requests and distributions of genetic resources from NordGen

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of requests and distributions of genetic resources from NordGen. Source: NordGen.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
2.5.1b
Exploitation of genetic resources - per cent

Requests relative to distributions of genetic resources from NordGen

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Definition
The data shows the development in the relationship between requests and distributions of genetic resources from NordGen. Source: NordGen.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.1.1
BMI among pregnant women

BMI among pregnant women at the beginning of pregnancy

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Definition
The data shows the spread in pregnant women’s BMI at the start of pregnancy. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.2.1
Birth weight

Birth weight for live-born babies

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Definition
The data shows the spread of birth weights for live-born babies, both single and multiple births.
Last updated: 10-07-2020
3.2.2
Pregnant women who are smokers

Proportion of pregnant women who are smokers

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of pregnant women who smoked, did not smoke and who stopped smoking during pregnancy. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.3.1
Hospital-acquired infections

Number of hospital-acquired infections

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Definition
The data shows the development in the annual number of cases of bloodstream infections and urinary tract infections. The category ‘Other’ includes C. difficile infections – community onset; C. difficile infections – hospital onset, deep infections after planned total hip arthroplasty and deep infections after planned knee arthroplasty. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.3.2
Influenza-related deaths

Proportion of influenza-related deaths

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of influenza-related deaths in Denmark. Source: Statens Serum Institut.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.4.1
Persons who use psychotropic drugs

Number of persons per 1,000 inhabitants who use psychotropic drugs

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Definition
The data shows the number of people per 1,000 inhabitants who use psychotropic drugs, by sex and age. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.4.2
Days of absence

Number of days of absence per full-time employee per year, by age group and sex

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Definition
The data shows the development in the average number of days of absence from work due to illness per full-time employee per year, by age group and sex.
Last updated: 22-12-2021
3.4.3
Cancer patients who survive cancer

Proportion of cancer patients who survive cancer

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Definition
The data shows the development in one, three, five and ten-year survival rates for all persons diagnosed with cancer, excluding basal cell carcinomas and other skin cancers other than malignant melanomas. Relative survival is the probability of surviving a cancer when adjusted for other causes of death. Relative survival is calculated as the ratio between the observed survival rate of cancer patients and their expected survival if they were not affected by cancer. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.5.1
Consumation of illegal drugs

Proportion of 16-24-year-olds who tried one or more of the various illegal drugs within the past year

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of 16-24-year-olds who had consumed illegal drugs, where consumed means that the person had used one or more of the various illegal drugs within the past year. LSD stands for lysergic acid diethylamide, GHB stands for gamma hydroxybutyrate. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.5.2
Treatment for substance abuse

Number of people who received treatment for substance abuse

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of people who received treatment for substance abuse, by sex.
Last updated: 04-10-2021
3.5.3
High-risk limit for alcohol intake

Proportion of the population that exceeds the Danish Health Authority¿s recommended high-risk limit for alcohol intake

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of the population over the age of 16 that exceeded the Danish Health Authority’s recommended high-risk limit for alcohol intake. The recommended high-risk limit for alcohol intake is 21 standard drinks per week for men and 14 for women. Source: Danish Health Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.5.4
Age at alcohol debut

Age at alcohol debut

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Definition
The data shows the age of pupils when they have their first alcoholic drink, for boys and girls. Sources: The Danish Health and Behaviour in School Children steering group and the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.6.1
Chriminal decisions

Number of criminal decisions, by nature of the offence

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Definition

The data shows the number of criminal decisions under the Danish Road Traffic Act, by the nature of the offence.

Last updated: 25-03-2021
3.6.2
Road traffic accidents

Number of people killed or seriously injured in road traffic accidents, by means of transport

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of people killed or seriously injured in traffic accidents, by means of transport. The data are based on cases reported to and thus registered by the police. Statistics Denmark notes that there may be some underreporting of accidents resulting in injuries.
Last updated: 18-06-2021
3.7.1
Incidence of sexually transmitted diseases

Incidence of sexually transmitted diseases among 15-24-year-olds, by type and sex

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of sexually transmitted diseases diagnosed among young people aged 15-24, by sex and type. The dataset contains newly reported cases of notifiable sexually transmitted diseases. The exception is the data on the incidence of chlamydia, which are taken from a different dataset than the other sexually transmitted diseases. Source: Statens Serum Institut.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.7.2
Legal gender reassignment

Number of approved new civil registration numbers in relation to legal gender reassignment

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of approved applications for legal gender reassignment. Source: Det Centrale Personregister.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.7.3
Women in Denmark at first birth giving

Average age of women in Denmark at first birth giving

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Definition
The data shows the development in age at first birth giving for women in Denmark.
Last updated: 25-02-2021
3.7.4
Induced abortions

Number of induced abortions by age group

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of induced abortions by 5-year age intervals. Source: Danish Health Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.8.1a
Boys that received a vaccine against HPV - number

Number of boys that received a vaccine against HPV and the number of boys in the relevant target group

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Definition
The data shows the number of boys that received an HPV vaccine and the total number of boys in the relevant target group. Please note that the target group is defined as boys turn 12 on or after 1 July 2019. Source: Statens Serum Institut.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.8.1b
Boys that received a vaccine against HPV - per cent

The proportion of boys that received a vaccine against HPV

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of boys in the relevant target group that received an HPV vaccine. Please note that the target group is defined as boys turn 12 on or after 1 July 2019. Source: Statens Serum Institut.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.8.2
Filled antibiotic prescriptions

Number of filled antibiotic prescriptions per 1,000 inhabitants

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of filled prescriptions for antibiotics per 1,000 inhabitants, by sex. Source: Danish Health Data Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.8.3
General practitioners

Number of general practitioners per 100,000 inhabitants

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of general practitioners per 100,000 inhabitants, by region.
Last updated: 10-07-2020
3.8.4
Life expectancy at birth

Life expectancy at birth, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the trends in life expectancy at birth in Denmark.
Last updated: 17-02-2021
3.9.1
Occupational injuries due to poisoning

Number of reported occupational injuries due to poisoning, by age and sex

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of reported occupational injuries involving poisoning, by sex and age. Source: Danish Working Environment Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.9.2
Premature deaths due to air pollution

Number of premature deaths due to air pollution

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of premature deaths due to air pollution. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.a.1
Tobacco smoking

The prevalence of tobacco smoking by sex and extent of smoking

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of people who smoke, by sex and the extent of smoking. Data are from the Danish Health Authority’s reports on the smoking habits of citizens in Denmark. The reports do not contain data on the proportion of former smokers or those who never smoked before 2017. Source: Danish Health Authority.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
3.a.2
Smokers who participate in a quit-smoking programme

Proportion of smokers who participate in a quit-smoking programme

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of smokers who participated in a quit-smoking programme. Source: The Smoking Cessation Database, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
3.b.1
Persons vaccinated against seasonal influenza

Proportion of the population vaccinated against seasonal influenza

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of people over the age of 15 who have been vaccinated against seasonal influenza, by age group and sex. Source: Statens Serum Institut.
Last updated: 08-12-2021
Goal 4: Quality education
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
4.1.1
Completed education

Proportion of 18-year-olds who have completed lower secondary school and proportion of 25-year-olds who have completed upper secondary school or vocational education and training

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of 18-year-olds who completed lower school and the proportion of 25-year-olds who have completed upper secondary school or vocational education and training, by sex
Last updated: 02-07-2021
4.1.2
Subject-qualified teaching in school

Subject-qualified teaching in primary and lower secondary school

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of appropriately subject-qualified teaching in the primary and lower secondary school system per school year. Subject-qualified teaching is defined as the proportion of planned teaching hours that are taught by teachers with the subject-qualification levels ’teaching qualified’ (gained through teacher training) and ’equivalent qualified’ (gained through professional development) relative to the total number of teaching hours. Source: Ministry of Children and Education.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.1.3
Well-being of students

Well-being of primary and lower secondary students

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Definition
The data shows the development in the degree of well-being experienced by students in primary and lower secondary school, disaggregated by various well-being indicators. Source: Ministry of Children and Education.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.2.1
Preschool personnel

Proportion of preschool personnel with a relevant qualification by job title

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of early childhood personnel in municipal and independent preschool institutions that have an early childhood teaching qualification. For the purposes of the indicator, an early childhood teaching qualification is defined as an early childhood teaching assistant certificate or diploma; a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education; postgraduate qualifications in pedagogy/education. Proportion is calculated as full-time equivalent staff.
Last updated: 18-01-2022
4.3.1
Vocational qualification

Proportion of 35-year-olds with a vocational qualification

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of 35-year-olds who have a vocational qualification. A vocational qualification means all forms of formal post-secondary further education, including vocational education and training (VET), diplomas, bachelor’s and master’s degrees and PhDs.
Last updated: 02-07-2021
4.3.2
Drop out of a programme of study

Proportion of students who drop out of a programme of study within five years of commencing

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of students who commenced a programme of study but had discontinued it within five years. Switching between courses on the same level does not count as a dropout.
Last updated: 02-07-2021
4.4.1
Results from the ICILS survey of students

Results from the ICILS survey of 8th grade students

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Definition
The data shows the development in the distribution of results from the ICILS surveys conducted. The ICILS survey measures IT competencies among students in 8th grade. The survey is conducted every five years. Source: Danish School of Education (DPU), Aarhus University.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.4.2
Adults in continuing education

Number of course participants and full-time students in adult and continuing education

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of course participants and full-time students in adult and continuing education.
Last updated: 16-06-2021
4.5.1
Vocational qualification

Proportion of 35-year-olds with a vocational qualification by parents¿ level of education

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of 35-year-olds who have a vocational qualification according to parents’ highest completed level of education. The categories of highest levels of education of parents include: lower secondary school; upper secondary education; VET; shorter higher education course such as a diploma; bachelor’s degree or equivalent; master’s degree or PhD.
Last updated: 02-07-2021
4.7.1
Average grade in the 9th grade exam

The average grade in the national final 9th grade exam in physics and chemistry, biology, and geography

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the average grade for students who sat the annual national final exam in physics and chemistry, biology, and geography held at end of 9th grade, by sex. Source: Ministry of Children and Education.
Last updated: 23-09-2021
4.a.1a
Students who feel lonely

Proportion of students in higher education who feel lonely

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of students in higher education who feel lonely. The response rate for each programme considered was, respectively: academic bachelor 32 per cent; vocational diploma 51 per cent; master’s degree 37 per cent; vocational bachelor 45 per cent. Data are from 2018, which was the first time the survey was conducted. Source: Ministry of Higher Education and Science.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.a.1b
Students who feel stressed

Proportion of students in higher education who feel stressed

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of students in higher education who feel stressed. The response rate for each programme considered was, respectively: academic bachelor 32 per cent; vocational diploma 51 per cent; master’s degree 37 per cent; vocational bachelor 45 per cent. Data are from 2018, which was the first time the survey was conducted. Source: Ministry of Higher Education and Science.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.a.2
Well-being score for students

Average well-being score for students in upper secondary education

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of students in the various forms of upper secondary education (higher preparatory, higher commercial, higher general and higher technical programmes and International Baccalaureate), who respond that they ‘completely agree’ or ‘agree’ to the question, ‘I am happy to go to school’. Student well-being surveys were first made compulsory when the latest upper secondary school reform was implemented and were carried out for the first time in 2018. Data before 2018 are therefore not available. Source: Ministry of Children and Education.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.a.3
School students who have been bullied

Proportion of primary and lower secondary school students who have been bullied in the current school year

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of 4th to 9th grade students whose response in the Ministry of Children and Education’s well-being survey indicates that they have been bullied in the current school year. Source: Ministry of Children and Education.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.a.4
Students¿ use of IT for schoolwork

Students¿ use of IT for schoolwork, by purpose

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of pupils in 8th grade who respond that they often or always use IT in their schoolwork, by purpose. Data are from the 2018 ICILS survey. No reference point from the ICILS survey in 2013 has been included because a conflict with teachers in the spring of 2013 meant it was only possible to collect useful results from 107 of the required 120 schools for the survey. Therefore, Denmark is not considered a full participant of ICILS 2013. Source: University of Aarhus.
Last updated: 03-12-2021
4.b.1
Development aid spent on education

Proportion of development aid spent on education

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the share of Denmark’s total development aid used for education in the developing countries. Source: Danida Open Aid, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
Goal 5: Gender equality
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
5.1.1a
Gender discrimination cases - number of cases

Gender discrimination cases upheld by the Board of Equal Treatment

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of cases that has been heard by the Board of Equal Treatment concerning violations of provisions in the Equal Treatment Act on gender discrimination. Source: Board of Equal Treatment (Ligebehandlingsnævnet).
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.1.1b
Gender discrimination cases - per cent

Proportion of gender discrimination cases upheld by the Board of Equal Treatment

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of cases concerning violations of provisions in the Equal Treatment Act on gender discrimination. Source: Board of Equal Treatment (Ligebehandlingsnævnet).
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.2.1
Stays at a women¿s crisis shelter

Number of stays of at least one day at a women¿s crisis shelter, by country of ancestry

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of stays of at least one day at Danish women’s crisis shelters during a calendar. Stays with children are included in the totals.
Last updated: 23-11-2021
5.2.2
Inquiries to women¿s crisis shelters

Number of inquiries to women¿s crisis shelters

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Definition
 The data shows the trend in the number of inquiries to women’s crisis shelters. Source: The National Board of Social Services.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
5.2.3
Harassment, physical violence and threats at the workplace

Proportion of persons having experienced sexual harassment, physical violence and/or threats at the workplace

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of men and women over the age of 18 who report having experienced sexual harassment, threats or physical violence at the workplace. Data are from the NFA surveys of working conditions in Danish workplaces. Source: The National Research Centre for the Working Environment (NFA).
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.2.4
Victims of sexual offences and violent crimes

Number of victims of sexual offences and violent crimes per 100,000 population, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of victims of offences against the person, including violent crimes and sexual offences per 100,000 population, by sex and type of crime.
Last updated: 10-03-2021
5.3.1
Women marrying and the family accepts

Proportion who fully or partly agrees that women should only marry a man that the family accepts

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of the population over the age of 18 who fully or partially agrees that women should only marry a man that the family accepts. Immigrants are only included in the survey after a minimum of three years’ residence in Denmark. Source: The Danish Ministry of Immigration and Integration.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
5.4.1
Maternity/paternity benefits

Average number of days that mothers and fathers receive maternity/paternity benefits

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the average number of days that maternity/paternity benefits are received by the mother and father, respectively, (only includes individuals who are entitled to maternity/ paternity benefits).
Last updated: 28-04-2021
5.4.2
Absent from work due to a child¿s illness

Average number of days absent from work due to a child¿s illness, per full-time equivalent

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Definition
The data shows the average number of days of absence from work per full-time equivalent employee per year due to a child’s illness, by sex. The survey only includes employees who have at least one child living at the address and thus has the possibility of having to be absent on the grounds of a child’s illness.
Last updated: 22-12-2021
5.5.1a
Women in leading political roles etc.

Proportion of women in leading political roles and senior public service positions

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Definition

The data shows the development in the proportion of women in leading political roles and senior public service positions.

Last updated: 15-03-2019
5.5.1b
Female senior executives and board members

Proportion of female senior executives and board members

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Definition

The data shows the development in the proportion of female senior executives and members of boards of directors.

Last updated: 16-12-2020
5.5.1c
Female professors, associate professors and assistant professors

Proportion of female professors, associate professors and assistant professors

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of female professors, associate professors and assistant professors. Source: The Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.6.1a
Students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme - number

Number of primary and lower secondary school students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of primary and lower secondary school students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme. Uge Sex is a national campaign run by Sex & Samfund, and it provides teaching materials designed to meet the curriculum goals for the primary and lower secondary school subject health and sex education and family knowledge. Source: Sex & Samfund and Statistics Denmark.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.6.1b
Students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme - per cent

Proportion of primary and lower secondary school students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of primary and lower secondary school students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme. Uge Sex is a national campaign run by Sex & Samfund, and it provides teaching materials designed to meet the curriculum goals for the primary and lower secondary school subject health and sex education and family knowledge. The proportion is calculated as the number of primary and lower secondary school students enrolled in the Uge Sex programme divided by the total number of students. Source: Sex & Samfund and Statistics Denmark.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
5.a.1
Pension wealth

Average total pension wealth, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the trends in average pension wealth, by sex. Pension wealth is made up of the sum of the assets in all the pension schemes that a person has. For schemes that are taxed at the time they are withdrawn, the amount is reduced by 40 per cent in order to better compare them with schemes that are taxed in advance (when savings are deposited). For civil servant pension wealth, the estimated value of the accrued pension rights is used.
Last updated: 14-01-2022
5.a.2
Self-employed

Proportion of self-employed relative to total workers, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of the self-employed relative to the total number of employed persons in the age group 16-64 years.
Last updated: 10-07-2020
5.b.1
ICT specialists and basic digital skills

Distribution of ICT specialists, by sex and proportion of the population between 16 and 74 years of age with basic digital skills

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Definition

The data shows the development of the gender distribution among information, communication and technology (ICT) specialists and the proportion of the population between 16 and 74 years of age with basic digital skills. Digital skills are assessed on the basis of activities carried out on the internet in four areas: information, communication, problem solving and content creation.

Last updated: 23-10-2020
5.c.1
Bills that have been relevance tested and gender equality assessed

Share of bills that have been relevance tested and gender equality assessed

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Definition
The data shows the development in the share of the total number of bills in a parliamentary year that has been relevance tested and gender equality assessed. Source: The Danish Parliament.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.1.1
Expenditure on water and wastewater

Households¿ average annual expenditure on water and wastewater as a share of household income

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Definition
The data shows the trend in households’ average annual expenditure on water and wastewater as a share of household income.
Last updated: 17-10-2020
6.1.2
Quality of the drinking water

Quality of the drinking water

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the quality of drinking water. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.1.4
Proportion of type 3-treated drinking water

Proportion of type 3-treated drinking water

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of drinking water that was type 3 treated. The report is prepared every two years, and no data were available for 2019 at the time of this project’s completion. In 2017, pH adjustment of water was separated from type 3 treatment. In 2017, pH-adjusted water accounted for 8 per cent of the total amount of water that was type 3 treated or pH adjusted. Source: Danish Competition and Consumer Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
6.2.1
Clean toilet facilities in primary and lower secondary school

Proportion of students in primary and lower secondary school responding that toilet facilities are clean

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Definition
The data shows the trends in students’ assessments of the state of toilets in primary and lower secondary schools. The students in kindergarten class to third-grade level responded to the question ’Are the toilets at the school clean?’. The students in fourth to ninth grade responded to the statement ’I think the toilets at school are neat and clean’. National Agency for IT and Learning.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.3.1
Nutrients discharged from wastewater treatment plants

Amount of nutrients discharged from wastewater treatment plants

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the amount of nutrients discharged from wastewater treatment plants, in 1,000 tonnes. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.3.2a
Pesticide use in agriculture, forestry and horticulture

Pesticide use in agriculture, forestry and horticulture

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the use of pesticides in agriculture, forestry and horticulture measured by the PLI. PLI is an indicator that shows the total environmental and health impact of pesticide use regardless of changes in the cultivated area. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.3.2b
Pesticide use by households

Pesticide use by households

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the use of pesticides by households with and without moss killer. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.3.2c
Pesticide use by the public sector

Pesticide use by the public sector

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Definition
The data shows the trends in pesticide use by the public sector. Contrary to past procedure, several government units are not included in the 2016 survey, for example Ørsted A/S (formerly DONG), the Ministry of the Danish Church and the universities. The survey is published every three years. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.4.1
Water consumption

Water consumption by supply source

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Definition
The data shows the development in the total water consumption by the source of supply.
Last updated: 25-11-2021
6.4.2
Water loss in the water supply system

Trend in water loss in the water supply system

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Definition
The data shows the trend in water loss. Water loss in the figure is based on two different methods. Water loss (DANVA) is based on the Danish Water and Wastewater Association’s (DANVA) estimation, which covers approximately 52 per cent of the drinking water sold in Denmark. Water loss (Danish Environmental Protection Agency) is based on the Danish Environmental Protection Agency’s performance benchmarking, which covers 87 per cent of the total production of Danish drinking water. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency’s performance benchmarking includes water companies that supply at least 200,000 m3 of water per year. Water loss (Danish Environmental Protection Agency) data were not collected until 2017. Sources: Dansk Vand- og Spildevandsforening (DANVA) and Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.5.1
Nitrogen and phosphorus discharged into Danish waters

Amount of nitrogen and phosphorus discharged into Danish waters

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Definition
The data shows the amount of nitrogen and phosphorus discharged into the Danish waters. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
6.6.1
Area of section 3-protected habitats

Area of section 3-protected habitats, by type

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Definition
The data shows the development in the area of protected habitats. During this period, new hectares of section 3-protected habitats amounting to approximately 12 per cent were added, some of which are clarifications of actual location and delimitation of the natural habitats. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1.1
Homes heated with oil-fired central heating

Proportion of homes heated with oil-fired central heating

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of homes that use oil-fired central heating as the primary heating source.
Last updated: 24-07-2020
7.2.1
Renewable energy

Share of total energy consumption of renewable energy, by sector

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Definition
The data shows the share of the total energy consumption of households, the industrial sector, the transport sector and the public sector that is from renewable energy sources.
Last updated: 22-10-2020
7.2.2
Total energy consumption from renewable energy sources

Share of total energy consumption from renewable energy sources, by purpose

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Definition
The data shows the share of renewable energy in energy consumption by purpose. Heating and cooling are combined as separate data are not publicly available. Source: Eurostat.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
7.2.3
CO2 emissions per kilowatt hour

CO2 emissions per kilowatt hour

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Definition
The data shows the trends in CO2 emissions per kilowatt hour for electricity, district heating and gas. Source: Danish Energy Agency and Energinet.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
7.3.1
Final energy consumption

Final energy consumption compared with gross energy consumption

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Definition
The data shows the trend in final energy consumption compared with gross energy consumption. Climate-adjusted consumption is used. Source: Danish Energy Agency.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
7.a.1
Climate and energy research

Private funds used for climate and energy research

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Definition
The data shows the amount of private funds used for research and development within climate and energy research.
Last updated: 22-10-2020
Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.1.1
Labour productivity

Growth in labour productivity in Denmark, total economy

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the annual growth rate of labour productivity as a percentage (2010 prices, chained values). The growth rates for labour productivity are based on real gross value added (GVA) per hour worked.
Last updated: 30-06-2021
8.1.2
Real disposable GNI

Real disposable GNI per capita

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Definition
The data shows the trend in real disposable GNI per capita, in 2010 prices.
Last updated: 06-11-2020
8.1.3
Real disposable NNI

Real disposable NNI per capita

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Definition
The data shows the trend in real disposable NNI per capita, in 2010 prices.
Last updated: 06-11-2020
8.2.1
Start-ups

Proportion of start-ups still operating after two years

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Definition
The data shows the development in the share of start-ups still operating after two years. The data for the respective years show the proportion of the enterprises that were established two years before and that were still in existence two years later.
Last updated: 06-11-2020
8.2.2
Entry and exit of firms

Rate of entry and exit of firms

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the share of the total number of enterprises at year end that were newly started during the year, called the entry rate, as well as the share of enterprise closures during the year relative to the total number of enterprises at the beginning of the year.
Last updated: 10-11-2020
8.2.3a
Business climate in Denmark

Ranking of the business climate in Denmark based on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Score

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Definition
The data shows the trend in Denmark’s rank relative to the business climate of 189 of the world’s economies. The score of 4 means that Denmark ranks 4th out of the 189 countries when it comes to ease of doing business. Source: World Bank.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.2.3b
Denmark¿s business climate score

Denmark¿s business climate score, selected areas

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Definition
The data shows the trend in Denmark’s score relative to almost all countries in the world for a selection of the different areas that are included in the overall assessment. By aggregating all scores for each country, the total ranking in the overall index is achieved. Source: World Bank.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.3.1
High-growth start-ups

Proportion of high-growth start-ups by region

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of high-growth start-ups distributed by the regions in Denmark. High-growth startups are defined as market-oriented private enterprises up to five years old that had an average annual growth of more than 10 per cent over a three-year period and five or more employees at the start of the growth period. The data are the number of high-growth start-ups as the percentage of total active enterprises with at least five employees and the same start year. Source: Danish Business Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
8.3.2
High-growth enterprises

Proportion of high-growth enterprises by region

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of high growth enterprises. High-growth enterprises are defined as enterprises in the non-agricultural private sector that have had average annual growth in the number of employees of at least 10 per cent over a three-year period, and that had at least 10 employees at the beginning of the growth period. The proportion is calculated as the number of high growth enterprises as a percentage of the total population of active enterprises with at least 10 employees. Source: Danish Business Authority.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
8.4.1a
Area consumed (ecological footprint) in global hectares per capita

Area consumed (ecological footprint) in global hectares per capita

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Definition
The data shows the development in Denmark’s ecological footprint, i.e. its consumption converted to area, measured in global hectares per capita. Source: Global Footprint Network.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.4.1b
Per capita area consumed and available (ecological footprint and biocapacity)

Per capita area consumed and available (ecological footprint and biocapacity)

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Definition
The data shows the trends in Denmark’s ecological footprint, i.e. its consumption converted to area measured in global hectares per capita as well as Danish and global biocapacity, i.e. the available biologically productive area. Source: Global Footprint Network.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.5.1
Employers with employees in supported employment

Proportion of employers with employees in supported employment, by organisation sector and size

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of organisations with supported employees by employer size. ‘+100’ indicates that the enterprise or public sector entity has more than 100 employees. ‘Public all entities’ and ‘total private’ indicate the proportion of total supported employment regardless of size.
Last updated: 17-11-2020
8.5.2
Employment rate

Employment rate

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Definition

The data shows the trends in the employment rate, by sex and ancestry.

Last updated: 13-12-2021
8.6.1
Unemployed recent graduates

Proportion of unemployed recent graduates, by type of education

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Definition
The data shows the development in graduate unemployment six months after graduation. Sources: Ministry of Higher Education and Science and Statistics Denmark.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.8.1a
Occupational accidents, by sector

Total number of occupational accidents per 100 full-time equivalent employees, by sector

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Definition

The data shows the trend in the number of occupational accidents per 100 full-time equivalent employees, by sector. An accident at work is defined as an occupational injury reported to the employer that results in a minimum of one day’s sick leave. Sources: Statistics Denmark and The Danish Working Environment Authority.

Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.8.1b
Occupational accidents, by sex

Total number of occupational accidents per 100 full-time equivalent employees, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of occupational accidents per 100 full-time equivalent employees, by sex. An accident at work is defined as an occupational injury reported to the employer that results in a minimum of one day’s sick leave. Sources: Statistics Denmark and The Danish Working Environment Authority.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.8.2
Employees¿ assessment of the working environment

Employees¿ assessment of the prioritisation of the working environment by the workplace

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Definition
The data shows employees’ assessment of the prioritisation of the working environment by the workplace. Source: Danish Working Environment Authority.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.8.3a
Stress experienced

Frequency of stress experienced in the past two weeks

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of respondents that felt stressed due to work in the past two weeks. Source: Danish Working Environment Authority.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.8.3b
Main sources of stress

Main sources of stress for those who ¿always¿ feel stressed

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Definition
The data shows the sources of stress among people that responded that they ‘always’ feel stressed. Source: Danish Working Environment Authority.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
8.9.1a
Hotels and resorts with Green Key certification - number

Number of hotels and resorts with Green Key certification

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of hotels and resorts with Green Key certification for each month.
Last updated: 13-04-2021
8.9.1b
Hotels and resorts with Green Key certification - per cent

Proportion of hotels and resorts with Green Key certification

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of hotels and resorts with Green Key certification for each month.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
9.1.1
Total electricity generation

Total electricity generation, by fuel type

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Definition
The data shows the total electricity generation, by type of fuel used. Source: Danish Energy Agency.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
9.1.2
Punctuality of long-distance, regional and local trains

Punctuality of long-distance, regional and local trains

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the achievement of punctuality of three train operators measured as arrival within three minutes of the scheduled time. Punctuality is calculated by taking an average of data calculated on a monthly basis. Source: Rail Net Denmark.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
9.1.3
Experienced quality and efficiency of the infrastructure in Denmark

Experienced quality and efficiency of the infrastructure in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the perceived quality and efficiency of the infrastructure in Denmark. Data are based on a survey of business leaders across industries. The scale goes from 0 to 7, where 0 is the worst and 7 is the best. Source: World Economic Forum.
Last updated: 15-12-2021
9.2.1
Employed in businesses

Proportion employed in businesses by sector

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of persons employed in businesses, i.e. both those with main jobs and various side jobs, calculated as full-time equivalent employees, by sector, in Denmark.
Last updated: 24-11-2020
9.2.2
People employed in green goods and services

Proportion of people employed in green goods and services

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of employees producing or delivering green goods and services. Green goods and services are products or services that have a direct environmental or resource-saving purpose, for example, wastewater treatment and production of wind turbines, as well as products that are clean and/or resource-efficient, so that they pollute and/or consume less than other products with the same main purpose, for example, production of low-energy houses.
Last updated: 02-12-2020
9.3.1
SMEs, applied for finance

Proportion of SMEs that have applied for finance according to types of finance and outcome

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of SMEs that applied for and obtained different types of financing. Loan finance includes, for example, loans from commercial, savings and mortgage banks or from the enterprise owner(s). Equity finance is funds or other assets that are given in return for part ownership or shares in the enterprise. Other finance includes overdrafts, lines of credit, and leasing and trade credits from suppliers. SMEs are defined as enterprises with fewer than 250 full-time employees.
Last updated: 31-10-2019
9.4.1
Emissions of CO2e

Emissions of CO2e relative to gross value added, excluding burning of biomass, by sector

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Definition
The data shows the development in CO2e emissions relative to gross value added in tonnes per DKKm, disaggregated by business sector. CO2e emissions are exclusive of burning of biomass.
Last updated: 07-08-2020
9.4.2
Emissions of CO2e from transport

Annual emissions of CO2e from transport

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Definition

The data shows the development in annual emissions of CO2e. The figure shows the development in annual emissions of CO2e in the transport sector disaggregated by different types of transport. The figures are exclusive of biomass. The tables shows - in addition to the data from the figure - also the development in annual CO2e emissions from the total transport sector and from the international transport by Danish ships, aircraft and land vehicles as well as the total CO2e emissions.

Last updated: 10-12-2021
9.5.1
Business sector expenditure on research

Development in business sector expenditure on own research and development, by sector

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Definition
The data shows the development in expenditure by the business sector on own research and development in DKKm, by sector, based on Statistics Denmark’s industry codes.
Last updated: 10-11-2020
9.5.2
Innovative enterprises

Proportion of innovative enterprises, by sector

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Definition
The data shows, for the business sectors, the proportion of enterprises that were innovative, either product-only innovative, process-only innovative or both.
Last updated: 17-12-2020
9.5.3
Specialisation in environment-related technologies

Denmark¿s relative specialisation in environment-related technologies

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Definition
The data shows the trend in Denmark’s relative specialisation within environment-related technologies. This is calculated as follows: (number of environment-related patents in Denmark / number of technology patents in total in Denmark) / (number of environment-related patents in the world / number of technology patents in total in the world). Source: OECD.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
9.c.1
Broadband coverage in Denmark

Broadband coverage in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the trend in broadband coverage in Denmark. The coverage of broadband is mapped by comparing addresses and coverage areas with housing types – dwellings and holiday homes – using the Danish building and housing register. A distinction is made between broadband connections offered to private and business customers. If several speeds are registered, the highest speed is used. Source: Danish Energy Agency.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
9.c.2
Online stores with an e-mark certificatio

Number of online stores with an e-mark certification

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of online stores with an e-mark certification. Source: e-mærket.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
Goal 10: Reduced inequalities
Reduce inequality within and among countries
10.1.1
The Palma ratio

Trends in the Palma ratio and the average equivalent disposable income, by deciles for the whole population

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the Palma ratio based on equivalent disposable income.
Last updated: 22-10-2020
10.2.1
Candidates for elections - sex

Proportion of nominated and elected candidates for parliamentary, municipal and regional elections, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the development in nominated and elected candidates for the parliamentary elections and for the municipal and regional elections, by sex.
Last updated: 08-09-2020
10.2.2
Candidates for elections - ancestry

Proportion of nominated and elected candidates and composition of the population, by ancestry

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Definition
The data shows the development in nominated and elected candidates for the parliamentary elections and for the municipal and regional elections, by persons of Danish origin, immigrants and descendants. The figure also shows the development in the composition of the population by ancestry.
Last updated: 08-09-2020
10.2.3
Candidates for elections - education

Distribution of candidates nominated for the Danish Parliament and the population aged over 15, by highest completed level of education

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Definition
The data shows the distribution of candidates nominated for the Danish Parliamentary elections, by highest completed level of education, and the distribution in the population in general.
Last updated: 05-08-2020
10.2.4
Members of a voluntary association

Proportion of the population being a member of a voluntary association, by ancestry

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of people with Danish ancestry, immigrants and descendants of immigrants who responded that they belonged to an association or a club. The question was: ‘There are many associations in Denmark, for example trade unions, sports clubs, social clubs, residents’ associations, cultural and religious associations, consumer associations such as Coop and charitable associations such as the Red Cross. Are you a member of an association?’ The population groups descendants of immigrants and immigrants were put together in one category in 2016, which is why the proportion is the same for these two groups in 2016. Source: Ministry of Immigration and Integration.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
10.3.1
Income as child and adult

Relationship between income decile in the childhood home and income decile for 35-year-olds

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Definition

The data shows the distribution of income deciles for 35-year-olds according to the income decile of their childhood home at age 10. The figure shows only the most recent year. The x-axis of the figure shows the persons the income decile as 35-year-old while the values on the y-axis shows the persons as a 10-year-old.

Last updated: 24-10-2020
10.3.2
Hourly earnings

Average, standard hourly earnings, by sex

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Definition
The data shows the trends in average standard hourly earnings, by sex. The standard hourly wage indicates approximately the wage that has been agreed or the wage that the worker receives for each normal hour he or she works. The standard hourly earnings are independent of the number of hours of absence and overtime hours.
Last updated: 24-11-2021
10.7.1
Immigration - work

Number of persons who immigrate to Denmark annually to work, by type of work permit and sex

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of people who immigrate to Denmark annually to work, by sex. Data are disaggregated by ’EU/EEA, permit’, which includes EU citizens working in Denmark, and ’Work permit’, which includes all non-EU citizens who hold a visa permitting them to live and work in Denmark.
Last updated: 28-05-2021
Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.1.1
Financial burden of the cost of housing

Perceived financial burden of the cost of housing

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of the population that perceives cost of housing to be a heavy burden, somewhat of a burden or no problem, by income groups divided into five quintiles. Only one adult per household was interviewed. Answers are assumed to cover all household members. The figures are based on a sample and thus subject to some statistical uncertainty.
Last updated: 13-12-2021
11.1.2
Financial burden of housing

Financial burden of housing

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the financial burden of the cost of housing for homeowners in Denmark. The financial burden of housing is calculated as the ratio between housing costs and disposable income. The housing costs include interest expenses and taxes, but not repayments of the principal part of home loans. The data are for private individuals who live in dwellings (houses and apartments) that they personally own and occupy.
Last updated: 23-10-2020
11.2.1
Price of selected public transport services

Relative price of selected public transport services

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Definition
The data shows the trend in prices for selected public transport services relative to the general price trend. The base year is 2015.
Last updated: 10-01-2022
11.2.2
People who can easily use bus and train services

Proportion of people who can easily use bus and train services, even when there are many passengers

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Definition
The data shows the development in the perception of how accessible public transport is for people with physical and mental disabilities compared with the perception of people without disabilities. Source: The Danish Centre for Social Science Research (VIVE).
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.3.1
DGNB-certified buildings and urban areas

Number of DGNB-certified buildings and urban areas in Denmark by property type

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of buildings in Denmark that are certified under the DGNB scheme, by property type and certification level. Source: Green Building Council Denmark.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.3.2
Energy labels

Average labels across building categories

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the index score for the statutory energy labelling, by building categories. The indexed score is calculated by taking the average of the indexed energy label from 1 to 7, (labelled A to G in Denmark), where A = 7 (best), and G = 1 (worst). Source: Danish Energy Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.3.3
Green spaces

Green spaces calculated as a proportion of the total area, by region

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of green space in the country’s five regions.
Last updated: 28-01-2020
11.4.1
Listed buildings

Number of listed buildings nationwide and in the five regions

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Definition
The data shows the development in the number of listed buildings in Denmark, in total and by region.
Last updated: 17-02-2021
11.6.1
Quantity of household waste per capita

Quantity of household waste per capita, by region

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Definition
The data shows the development in the distribution of the quantity of household waste in tonnes per capita for the five regions and for the whole country. Household waste is defined as the following waste materials: organic waste, paper and cardboard, glass, plastic, metal and wood waste. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency and Statistics Denmark.
Last updated: 21-09-2021
11.6.2a
Recycled household waste

Proportion of recycled household waste relative to the total amount of household waste, by region

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of recycled household waste relative to the total amount of household waste for the five regions and for the whole country. Household waste is defined as the following materials: organic waste, paper and cardboard, glass, plastic, metal and wood waste. Source: Danish Environmental Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.6.2b
Waste, by type of disposal

Proportion of waste, by type of disposal in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of waste, by type of disposal, relative to the total amount of recycled waste. The proportion is calculated based on the weight of the waste.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.6.3
Electric passenger cars and buses

Number of electric passenger cars and buses relative to the total number of passenger cars and buses in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the total number of passenger cars and buses and the proportion of electric passenger cars and buses.
Last updated: 10-11-2020
11.6.4
Electric cars and goods vans, by sector

Proportion of public-sector newly registered cars and goods vans that run on electricity, by municipal, regional and central governments

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of newly registered public-sector passenger cars and goods vans that run on electricity, by municipal, regional and central governments.
Last updated: 10-11-2020
11.7.1b
Perceived safety of public spaces - vulnerable residential areas

Perceived safety of public spaces in particularly vulnerable residential areas

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Definition
The data shows the development in the population that feels safe, neither safe nor unsafe, unsafe, or does not know or unanswered in particularly vulnerable housing areas. Source: Danish Police.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
11.a.1
Study places

Proportion of higher education study places located outside Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Odense, Aarhus and Aalborg, by level of education

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of higher education places outside the major cities of Copenhagen, Odense, Aarhus and Aalborg out of the total number of higher education places, by education level.
Last updated: 10-11-2020
Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
12.1.1
Foodstuffs exceeding maximum residue levels of substances that pose health risks

Proportion of foodstuffs exceeding maximum residue levels of substances that pose health risks

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of inspected foodstuffs that exceeds the maximum residue levels. The proportion is calculated as the average of the proportion that exceeds the MRL for organic and non-organic fruit, vegetables, cereals (grains, rice and maize), baby food, processed plant-based foods and animal foods. The main emphasis of the inspections is on analysis of fruit and vegetables, which means that most of the foods inspected are within the groups where the likelihood of finding residues is greatest and where the residual content contributes significantly to the population’s exposure to pesticide residues through the diet. Source: The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
12.2.1
Organic and zero tillage farming

Proportion of Danish agricultural land used for organic and zero tillage farming

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of the Danish agricultural land area used for organic and zero or low tillage farming.
Last updated: 17-11-2020
12.2.2
The food production industry¿s emissions of CO2e

The food production industry¿s emissions of CO2e per DKKm of market value

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the food production industry’s total emissions of greenhouse gases, including CO2 from burning biomass, per DKKm of market value. The total greenhouse gas emissions are calculated in CO2 equivalents (CO2e). This is done by converting emissions of other greenhouse gases, including, for example, methane gas, to the same unit as CO2 using conversion factors from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The indicator covers emissions from Danish production and shows both emissions from the direct and indirect production of food.
Last updated: 17-10-2020
12.2.3
Earths that the citizens in Denmark consume in one year

Number of earths that the citizens in Denmark consume in one year

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Definition

The data shows the trend in the number of earths it would require to support the entire world’s consumption and standard of living, including greenhouse gas emissions, if everyone in the world lived like the average citizen in Denmark. The date when Denmark exceeded the consumption that the earth could support in one year if everyone lived like the average citizen in Denmark are calculated to be 25. Marts in 2015, 28. Marts in 2016, 11. April in 2017, 28. Marts in 2018 and 29. Marts in 2019. Source: WWF and Global Footprint Network.

Last updated: 16-12-2021
12.3.1
Food waste per person per week

Average food waste per person per week for single family homes and apartments

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Definition
The data shows the development in the average amount of food waste in kilograms per week for single-family homes and apartments. Source: The Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
12.3.2
Food waste in Danish sectors

Food waste in Danish sectors

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Definition
The data shows the amount of food waste in selected sectors. Source: The National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark and the Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
12.4.1
Exported hazardous waste that is not processed correctly

Proportion of exported hazardous waste that is not processed correctly

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of exported hazardous waste that was not processed correctly. Source: The Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
12.5.1
Waste generated

Waste generated, by sectors

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the amount of waste generated by households and business and other services. The group ‘business and other services’ includes agriculture, forestry and fisheries, raw material extraction, manufacturing, utilities, construction, trade and transport, information and communication, financial and insurance services, real estate activities, business services, public administration, education and health as well as art, leisure and other services. The trend for business and other services is described in more detail in the figure below.
Last updated: 05-08-2020
12.5.2
Waste treatment

Total amount of recycling, incineration and landfill waste

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the amount of waste, by disposal methods (recycling, incineration and landfill).
Last updated: 10-03-2021
12.5.3
Supply of packaging

Supply of packaging, by type of material

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the supply of packaging, by material types (glass, plastic, paper and cardboard, iron and metal, wood and other). Today, the consumption of packaging and thus the packaging in the waste system is not measured; instead, the supply of packaging is estimated for a given year, i.e., the amount of packaging that firms market. The supply of packaging is an approximation of the consumption of packaging. Source: The Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
12.6.1
Green jobs

Number of green jobs

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of green jobs in private sector firms that produce goods or services with environmental protection and/or resource saving purposes. The statistics thus do not include green jobs in the public sector.
Last updated: 15-11-2021
12.7.1
Expenditure on organic food and beverages

Proportion of expenditure on organic food and beverages relative to total expenditure on food service in the public sector

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Definition
The data shows the trend in expenditure on organic beverages and food relative to the total expenditure on food service in the public sector. The public sector includes the central, regional and municipal governments, social security funds and foundations.
Last updated: 12-11-2020
12.8.1
Residual waste in total household waste

Proportion of residual waste in total household waste

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the share of residual waste relative to total household waste generation. Sorted waste includes organic waste, including garden waste; paper and cardboard; wood, including packaging and impregnation; glass, including packaging; iron and metal, including packaging; plastic and tyres; and electronics, batteries, etc. Residual waste is calculated as mixed municipal waste and similar, waste suitable for incineration and other waste.
Last updated: 24-07-2020
Goal 13: Climate action
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
13.1.1
Expected property damage costs of more than DKK 250 million from coastal flooding and erosion

Number of municipalities with expected property damage costs of more than DKK 250 million from coastal flooding and erosion in 50 years

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Definition
The data shows the number of municipalities with expected material damage costs of more than DKK 250 million from coastal floods and erosion in 2065. The total property damage consists of damage to buildings, contents, infrastructure, crops and livestock, and to businesses. Source: Danish Coastal Authority.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
13.1.2a
Claims paid out for damage resulting from extreme weather

Number of claims paid out for damage resulting from extreme weather

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the number of claims for damage caused by extreme weather. Source: Insurance & Pension Denmark.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
13.1.2b
Amount paid out by insurance companies for damage resulting from extreme weather

Amount paid out by insurance companies for damage resulting from extreme weather

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the amount of compensation paid out by insurance companies for damage caused by extreme weather. Source: Insurance & Pension Denmark.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
13.1.3
Score for the accuracy of extreme weather warnings

DMI¿s symmetric extreme dependency score for the accuracy of extreme weather warnings

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Definition
The data shows the trend in DMI’s score according to SEDS. The score is based on the accuracy of DMI’s predictions of a number of different extreme weather phenomena during the year. Examples of weather phenomena are hurricanes, storms, gales, heavy rain, dense fog and elevated water levels. The accuracy of extreme weather warnings is scored on a scale ranging from 0 to 100. Source: Danish Meteorological Institute.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
13.2.1
Gas emissions

Denmark¿s total CO2-equivalent greenhouse gas emissions

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Definition
The data shows the trend in Denmark’s total greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2 from burning biomass. The total greenhouse gas emissions are calculated in CO2 equivalents (CO2e). This is done by converting emissions of other greenhouse gases, including, for example, methane gas, to the same unit as CO2 using conversion factors from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Last updated: 10-12-2021
13.3.1
The population¿s attitude to and actions associated with the climate

Trends in the population¿s attitude to and actions associated with the climate

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the population’s concern about the consequences of climate change and the population’s initiatives to reduce their own contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, to the survey question: ‘How worried are you that climate change will harm you personally?’ the proportion that answered ‘To a large extent’ and ‘To some extent’ are combined and shown in the figure. To the question: ‘Have you done anything to reduce your own contribution to greenhouse gas emissions?’ the figure shows the proportion who answered ‘Yes’. Source: CONCITO.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
13.a.1
The evolution of greenhouse gas emissions

The evolution of greenhouse gas emissions and the path to the goal of a reduction of 70 per cent compared to 1990

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Definition
The data shows the evolution of CO2 equivalents in Denmark and the path to the goal of a reduction of 70 per cent compared to 1990. The total greenhouse gas emissions are calculated in CO2 e. This is done by converting emissions of other greenhouse gases, including, for example, methane gas, to the same unit as CO2 using conversion factors from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The calculation of the indicator follows the guidelines of the UN Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the underlying Kyoto Protocol. The Danish calculations of greenhouse gas emissions contain all the sources described in the IPCC guidelines. The figures exclude international shipping and aviation, activities of Danish companies abroad and the burning of biomass. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 17-12-2021
Goal 14: Life below water
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
14.1.1a
Nitrogen and phosphorus in fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters

Levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the annual average value of nitrogen and phosphorus in  fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters. Nitrogen is inorganic nitrogen, which forms nitrate, nitrite and ammonium, which can be absorbed by plants for primary production. Phosphorus is dissolved inorganic phosphorus, i.e. phosphate that can be taken up by plants for primary production. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
14.1.1b
Silicon in fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters

Levels of silicon in fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the annual average value of silicon in  fjords, coastal waters and open inner waters. Silicon is dissolved inorganic silicon, i.e. silicate that diatoms use to build their shells. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
14.1.2
Tyres sold in Denmark

Tyres sold in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of tyres sold. The statistics include all tyres sold in Denmark, including new tyres and re-tread tyres for passenger cars, motorcycles, vans, trucks, agricultural machinery and construction machinery. Source: Danish Tyretrade Environmental Foundation.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
14.1.3
Metals in marine sediment

Concentration of metals in marine sediment

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Definition
The data shows the concentration of metals calculated as the average between 2004 and 2012. Accumulation of metals in sediment is a long-term process and can vary from year to year, which is why measurements of metals in sediment are made as an average over a multi-year period. Sources: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University and Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
14.2.1
Oxygen depletion in inner Danish waters

The extent of oxygen depletion in inner Danish waters

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the extent of oxygen depletion in inner Danish waters. Oxygen depletion refers to an oxygen concentration of 4 mg of oxygen per litre of water or lower, and severe oxygen depletion is an oxygen concentration below 2 mg of oxygen per litre of water. The level between 2 and 4 mg of oxygen per litre of water is called moderate oxygen depletion. With moderate oxygen depletion, fish and more mobile bottom dwelling organisms begin trying to move away. Oxygen depletion occurs mainly from July to November when the temperature rises, which is why the data are for these months. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
14.2.2
Eelgrass in inner Danish waters

Depth limit of eelgrass in inner Danish waters

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Definition
The data shows the concentration of metals calculated as the average between 2004 and 2012. Accumulation of metals in sediment is a long-term process and can vary from year to year, which is why measurements of metals in sediment are made as an average over a multi-year period. Sources: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
14.2.3
Bathing-water quality

Trend in bathing-water quality

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Definition
The data shows the trend in bathing-water quality, calculated using a bathing-water index. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency collects the municipalities’ bathing-water tests annually. In 2019, 9,422 tests were collected from 1,022 bathing-water locations. The tests screen for faecal coliform bacteria that are harmful to humans. Based on the tests, the bathing waters are classified as excellent (4), good (3), sufficient (2), poor (1) or not classified (0), and an average score in the interval 0-4 is computed from these classification scores. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
14.4.1
MSC-certified catch in Danish waters

Proportion of MSC-certified catch in Danish waters

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of MSC-certified fish caught. The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was founded by the World Wildlife Fund for Nature and Unilever in 1996 and became an independent NGO in 1999. The MSC certifies sustainable fisheries in the oceans. Source: Marine Stewardship Council (MSC).
Last updated: 15-10-2021
14.b.1
Fishing vessels by length

Proportion of fishing vessels by length relative to the total fleet of active fishing vessels

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of active registered fishing vessels in each size category relative to the total active fishing fleet. Fishing vessels are considered to be active if the gross turnover is more than DKK 270,000 per year. Sources: Danish Fisheries Agency and University of Copenhagen.
Last updated: 16-12-2021
Goal 15: Life on land
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
15.1.1
Natura 2000 areas

Proportion of Natura 2000 areas relative to Denmark¿s total areal

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of Natura 2000 areas relative to Denmark’s total area, disaggregated by land area and marine area. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
15.1.2
Fulfilment of targets for lakes and watercourses

Fulfilment of targets for lakes and watercourses

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Definition
The data shows the status of the fulfilment of the targets for watercourses and lakes. The data for the targets are from individual evaluations for the water area districts of Jutland and Funen, Zealand, Bornholm and international. The category ‘international’ is a cross-border water district consisting of the Danish part of the watercourse catchments that extend across the Danish-German land border. The condition of the watercourses is assessed on the basis of the quality elements small animals, plants and fish. The condition of the lakes is assessed on the basis of the quality elements phytoplankton, chlorophyll, macrophytes (aquatic plants) in cases where it is not possible to use phytoplankton and fish. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
15.2.1a
Total forest and protected forest areas

Total forest and protected forest areas in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the total forested area and area of protected forests in Denmark, measured in 1,000 hectares. Source: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
15.2.1b
Area of sustainability-certified forests

Area of sustainability-certified forests in Denmark

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Definition
The data shows PEFC- and FSC-certified forest areas in Denmark. The area is stated in 1,000 hectares. Source: Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
15.5.1
Common Danish breeding birds

Number of common Danish breeding birds

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of breeding birds within 133 species (common Danish breeding birds). 2010 = 100. Monitoring of the common Danish birds is part of a cooperative agreement between the Danish Ornithological Society and the Ministry of the Environment and Food of Denmark. Source: Danish Ornithological Society (Birdlife Denmark).
Last updated: 15-10-2021
15.5.2
The Red List Index

The Danish Red List Index

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the Red List Index. A Red List Index value of 1 means that all species are attributed to the category viable, while an index value of 0 means that all species have disappeared from Denmark. Source: Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
15.5.3
Area virgin forest and biodiversity forest

Area virgin forest and biodiversity forest

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Definition
The data shows the area of virgin forest and biodiversity forest disaggregated by state and private ownership. There are no total figures for private biodiversity forest. Areas of virgin forest and biodiversity forest are not systematically calculated annually. This suggested Danish indicator presupposes that data will be collected and made available at reasonably regular intervals in the future. Source: Danish Nature Agency.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
15.7.1
CITES inspections leading to confiscation of one or more items

Number of CITES inspections leading to confiscation of one or more items

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of CITES inspections where one or more items were confiscated. The number of inspections is affected by the activity of the customs service; that is, there may be a blitz on CITES or on travellers from selected destinations for a period of time, which may result in more reported infringements being detected than would have been the case without such a periodic blitz. Source: Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark and WWF - World Wide Fund for Nature.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
15.8.1
Invasive species

Number of invasive species

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Definition
The data shows the number of invasive plant and animal species. Source: Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16.1.1
Victims of reported violent crimes

Number of victims of reported violent crimes

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of victims of reported violent crimes. Violent crimes include violence and the like against a public authority, homicide and attempted homicide, common assault, assault causing actual bodily harm, assault causing grievous bodily harm, crime against life and limb, and crime against personal liberty. Victims of all ages are included.
Last updated: 09-03-2021
16.1.2
Former prisoners

Proportion of former prisoners who are convicted of new violent crime

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the proportion of previously imprisoned persons convicted of new violent crimes. Violent crimes include violence and the like against a public authority, homicide and attempted homicide, common assault, assault causing actual bodily harm, assault causing grievous bodily harm, crime against life and limb, and crime against personal liberty.
Last updated: 25-07-2020
16.2.1
Number of notifications

Number of notifications per 1,000 children aged 0-17 years

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of notifications per 1,000 children aged 0-17 years. The statistics include children with notifications where the reason for the notification was either abuse of a child or adolescent, for example, sexual or violent, other forms of neglect of a child or adolescent, high levels of conflict or domestic violence between adults or inadequate parental care.
Last updated: 16-10-2020
16.2.2
Reports of force on children and adolescents

Number of reports of force on children and adolescents

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of reports of the use of force in interventions on children and adolescents. Source: National Board of Social Services.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
16.3.1a
Number of cases received at the district courts

Number of cases received at the district courts

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of cases received by the district courts. Source: Courts of Denmark.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
16.3.1b
Average case-processing time at the district courts

Average case-processing time at the district courts

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Definition
The data shows the average case-processing time measured in number of months. The data includes a simple average of cases within criminal, civil, enforcement, deceased estates and insolvency proceedings. Source: Courts of Denmark.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
16.3.2a
Number of long-term pre-trial detentions in total

Number of long-term pre-trial detentions in total

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the total number of long-term pre-trial detentions. Long-term pre-trial detentions are defined pre-trial detentions that last over 90 days before a verdict is reached in the first instance. Source: Director of Public Prosecutions and the Ministry of Justice.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
16.3.2b
Proportion of long-term pre-trial detentions

Proportion of long-term pre-trial detentions

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Definition
The data shows the trends in the proportion of pre-trial detentions that are long-term. Long-term pre-trial detentions are defined pre-trial detentions that last over 90 days before a verdict is reached in the first instance. Source: Director of Public Prosecutions and the Ministry of Justice.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
16.3.3
Solitary confinement placements

Number of solitary confinement placements

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of solitary confinement placements in the form of isolation alone in a cell and away from the rest of the prison community. Source: The Prison and Probation Service.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
16.4.1
Money Laundering Secretariat notifications

Number of Money Laundering Secretariat notifications

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Definition
The data shows the trend in the number of notifications to the Money Laundering Secretariat at the State Prosecutor for Serious Economic and International Crime about suspected money laundering. Source: Money Laundering Secretariat.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
16.5.1
Denmark¿s Corruption Perceptions Index score

Denmark¿s Corruption Perceptions Index score

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Definition
The data shows the trend in Denmark’s score on the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index. The index goes from 0 to 100, where 100 is the lowest level for perceived corruption. Source: Transparency International.
Last updated: 15-10-2021
16.6.1
The population that is satisfied with and trust Danish institutions

Proportion of the population that is satisfied with and trust Danish institutions

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Definition
The data shows the proportion of the population that states that they are satisfied and have confidence in the national government and institutions. Source: OECD.
Last updated: 18-12-2021
16.7.1
Turnout

Proportion of eligible citizens who voted in the Danish parliamentary, European parliamentary, regional and municipal elections.

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Definition
The data shows the development in the proportion of eligible voters in the population who participated in the European parliamentary, Danish parliamentary, regional and municipal elections.
Last updated: 08-09-2020